Questions tagged [vix]

The Chicago Board Options Exchange Market Volatility Index, a popular measure of the implied volatility of S&P 500 index options.

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1answer
80 views

Contango and backwardation in VIX futures

I understand the meanings of contango and backwardation, but I'm trying to better understand the theory behind what creates each. For future readers of this question, here are the examples from the ...
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Historical VIX term structure data

I see that there is a CBOE page for collecting individual moments of term structure data, however, I'm wondering if anyone knows how to access historical data in bulk. Here's the CBOE page: http://...
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1answer
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vix-like index for mid caps

Is there a vix-like index available for s&p 400 mid-cap instruments? i.e., implied vol based on s&p 400 put and call options? also, an iv for the s&p 600? thank you
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2answers
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How to predict realised variance?

I am trying to predict the realised daily close to close variance of an equity index. I checked the literature on volatility forecasting and tried a bunch of things on a dataset for the S&P 500....
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1answer
51 views

backtest VIX term structure strategy [closed]

I'm trying to implement a few simple VIX strategies (1/0/-1-signals based on MA crossover, term structure, hvol vs ivol) in Python. I am new to quant and volatility, but looking at the VIX properties ...
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48 views

Double jumps stochastic volatility model (SVCJ, Duffie et al, 2000) - characteristic function for VIX

Currently I am working at my master's degree paper where I want to evaluate VIX options using stochastic volatility jump models.I got some MATLAB codes for the SVCJ model for the S&P, but as the ...
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51 views

Realized Volatility of Volatility versus VVIX Index

Hello people of the internet I am doing a little experiment where I want to examine how well the VIX predicts the realized volatility, and how well the VVIX (Volatility of VIX Index) predicts the ...
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1answer
68 views

VIX lagging or leading indicator

Could somebody help me understand if the VIX is a leading or lagging indicator. From the CBOE whitePaper ( https://www.cboe.com/micro/vix/vixwhite.pdf). I've understood that the VIX tries to ...
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VIX and Realised Volatility Scaling

I have calculated the VIX implied volatility according to the CBOE Whitepaper: \begin{equation*} \sigma^2 = \frac{2}{T} \left(\sum_i \frac{\Delta K_i}{K_i^2} Q(K_i) e^{rT} \right) - \frac{1}{T} \...
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1answer
108 views

Deriving the VIX formula

I am having trouble filling in a few steps in the derivation. From Martin (2017), we get the following assumptions: Constant continuously compounded rate $r$; The underlying doesn't pay dividens; ...
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1answer
124 views

How are VIX futures being priced when the VIX itself is not being calculated because of circuit breakers

I see that CBOE has halted trading all SPX options, which means the VIX cannot be calculated. Yet VIX futures are still trading and we are very close to the last trade date for the March contract. I ...
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2answers
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VIX OTM put options decrease value after sharp decrease of underlying

I was wondering about disentangling an effect I saw on the market yesterday. I saw nearly all OTM VIX put options with maturity date 15/04/2020 decrease in value while at the same time the VIX took a ...
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1answer
79 views

What is a good way to think about and estimate VIX half life?

Would it make sense to run an AR(1) regression to estimate a beta and then estimate the half life as -ln(2)/beta?
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Risk-neutral Simple Return Moment Log-return Moment

I am trying to find a way to link Risk-neutral moment of simple return to risk-neutral moment of log-returns. Specifically, by making the same standard assumptions of the Black-Scholes model with the ...
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1answer
80 views

Calculating front month VIX future returns

I'm currently reading a paper* which deals with seperating the volatility of volatility index (VVIX) into a physical measure of volatility of volatility (RVVIX) and a risk premium of v.o.v (VVRP). To ...
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2answers
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Correlation Gold and SPX in BBG

I was always under the impression that gold as a safe haven was more or less inversely correlated to the general market. After using the HRA function in Bloomberg I saw that the correlation is just -...
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2answers
135 views

Undergrad Thesis about the VIX

For week's I've been searching for an interesting undergrad Thesis in finance. I have some things in mind, but I don't want to leave outany opportunity for inspiration, so: Is there an interesting ...
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0answers
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Option Selection (rollover rules) in calculating intraday CBOE VIX (post 2014)

In calculating the CBOE VIX (post 2014) one has to select near- and next-term options, which are defined as options with >23 days and <37 days to maturity. As time moves on, a currently selected ...
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1answer
125 views

How many options would be required to dynamically replicate the VIX nowadays?

The VIX is a portfolio of OTM options on the SPX with non-zero quotes. From CBOE white-paper: Only SPX options quoted with non-zero bid prices are used in the VIX Index calculation. [...] As ...
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1answer
169 views

Futures short interests vs open interests

I came across this article talking about "short interests" in VIX futures. My question is what does "short interest" even mean here? My understanding is that the futures are not "issued" (opposite ...
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66 views

How to shock the IV surface w.r.t VIX and keep AOA

I have to compute the sensitivity of a set of option prices on a single sotck (range of tenor is over the whole surface) to an increase of 100% in the VIX.. and I am trying to get to the most ...
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What is the appropriate benchmark for a Long/Short VIX futures strategy?

Trying to figure out the benchmark for a L/S Vix futures stragegy, doesn't seem like only long or short Vix futures would be appropriate, any ideas? Thx
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1answer
196 views

Why does VIX need to calculate the Forward term?

From the reference, the Vix Whitepaper of CBOE, I found the formula of VIX. There are two terms. The first one is focusing on the info from Option contracts. And the second one is focusing on the ...
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1answer
324 views

Why not just be long VIX and wait for the next volatile period?

Over the past 3 months, VIX has been relatively low. Therefore, there seems to be a "free-lunch" here by just being long VIX, and wait for the next market turmoil (which is happening at the moment ...
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269 views

Time weighted Vega for a VIX future contract

How to calculate the time weighted Vega applicable for a 3 month future contract (Expiring in 82 days)? Vega with S&P500 as base
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1answer
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Effect of Vol-of-Vol on VIX

What is the effect of vol-of-vol of an underlying on the VIX Index? The VIX is computed as hedging portfolio of log contracts to isolate pure volatility exposure without specifying an underlying ...
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2answers
366 views

The VIX Flip Indicator

I came across this article discussing how the VIX Flip Indicator tracks the fear of investors. It seems to be an interesting tool, which I would like to investigate. The calculation of this indicator ...
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1answer
615 views

Derivation of VIX Formula

I've read a lot of derivations about VIX formula. I can say it is -adjusted- fair strike of variance swap. But I can't see how it goes from variance swap rate to VIX formula. In particular I can't see ...
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1answer
190 views

VXX Put pricing

Last week at Friday's close, the Dec 14 37.5 Put options were selling for \$.68 with VXX at \$40.29. This week at Friday's close, the Dec 21 37.5 Put options were selling for \$.38 with VXX at \$40.50....
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1answer
430 views

How to hedge a short VIX position with SPY

Assuming it's Nov 15th, and the SPY is trading at 217.2. Suppose I sell 11 contracts with Dec. 21 maturity. How many shares of SPY do I buy to hedge my VIX futures position?
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106 views

For equity options, does the implied vol change if the price of the underlying does?

For example, consider S&P options. My reasoning is rooted in the fact that VIX returns and S&P returns have a negative relationship, since VIX is a measure of S&P options' implied vol. ...
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86 views

Expected VIX at different levels of SPX

I'm looking for a model that computes the expected VIX based on SPX price moves. For instance, SPX is currently at around 2650, and VIX is at 24. If SPX jumps to 2600, at what level would the VIX be? ...
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2answers
165 views

Volatility Index for Industries

The VIX index is based on the S&P, I am wondering the feasibility of creating a VIX index for each of the S&P 500 Industries? Would this even be possible?
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Estimation of the variance risk premium via VIX

Suppose I have the formula for computing $\mathbb E^P\big[\int_0^T v\,dt\big]$ for the variance process $v$ in the real world measure $P$. Can I set it to the VIX$^2$ price and solve for the variance ...
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Modelling VIX futures backwardation

I have VIX futures trading algorithm and would like to perform Monte-Carlo simulation of VIX and understand how my algorithm performs on each simulation. In this case, not only VIX should be modeled, ...
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151 views

VIX/SPX Realized Beta Calculation

In https://globalmarkets.bnpparibas.com/r/Volatility_Express_20171128.pdf?t=BG3REXwMP3NZJRN7wY5Vt&stream=true, it states that 3M VIX/SPX realized Beta calculation: Use a blend of 1st, 2nd and 3 ...
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SPX/VIX Implied Beta Calculation

In https://globalmarkets.bnpparibas.com/r/Volatility_Express_20171128.pdf?t=BG3REXwMP3NZJRN7wY5Vt&stream=true, it states that 3M VIX/SPX implied Beta = (VIX 3M IVOL*VIX 3M futures)/SPX 3M IVOL ...
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Research topic on volatility

Currently studying about volatility, VIX and implied volatility as well as option pricing via stochastic volatility models. My question is how these are used in real life except of speculation. Do ...
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1answer
159 views

Settlement of VIX derivatives

Currently reading the paper of John M. Griffin and Amin Shams "Manipulation in the VIX?". My questions has to do with settlement of VIX derivatives (options and futures on VIX). The paper states that ...
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Why hasn't SVXY recouped more of its lost value as vol has crashed in the past 2 weeks?

SVXY fell from around \$140 to \$9. It has since bounced back 25% to around \$12. Vix futures went from the 11-14 range to 35 and now back to 17-18. SVXY holds a short position in Vix futures with ...
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1answer
265 views

Manipulation of VIX

Having finished my reading on CBOE's method of calculating the VIX on out of the money call and put options written on S&P 500,I have a thought about the ability of market making firms to ...
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2answers
187 views

Nature of short VIX strategies

By now, we all pretty much know that the recent upsurge in the VIX Index caused the spectacular failure of some Exchange-Traded Products (ETPs) or Exchange-Traded Notes (ETNs) written on it. An ...
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Is the VIX a Martingale?

Say the S&P500 follows a Gaussian diffusion process, so that: $$ VIX^2_{T,t}=\frac{1}{T}\mathrm{E}_t^\mathbb{Q}\left[\int_t^{t+T}\sigma_s^2ds\right] $$ where $T$ is the tenor (assume fixed), $t$ ...
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1answer
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Can any tell me how the VIX spike in Feb 2018, might have been caused my manipulation of $SPX options or VX Futures? [closed]

Looking for ways to back track evidence of manipulation in the trading or SPX options, ES Futures, or VX Futures to cause the spike that destroyed the vol ETFs (XIV, and SVXY), and caused small ...
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3answers
495 views

How did the SVXY ETF (-1x VIX) survive a 115% jump in VIX?

The SVXY ETF is a "-1x" short exposure to the VIX, rebalanced daily. Very importantly, it is an ETF, and not an ETN. As an ETF, its holdings are fully transparent and posted on the fund sponsor's ...
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1answer
482 views

Pricing VIX Futures

In a 2006 paper Zhang and Zhu propose a model for VIX and VIX Futures based on Heston. I am struggling in understanding how they get equation 6 and 8 (where they define the parameters). Can anyone ...
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How to find a probability of VIX moving from one price to another

I asked a similar question on here with a bounty. I decided to modify the question to simplify what I am trying to do. Is there a package on MATLAB or some other tool where I can find the probability ...
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1answer
147 views

XIV Positive Roll Yield

I understand that VIX futures are usually in contango and so a portfolio that holds futures with a weighted average expiration of 30 days will "roll" down to equal the VIX index at maturity. This is ...
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387 views

Is there really a negative roll yield for futures in contango?

I am trying to wrap my head around how ETFs that track futures work (whether its USO tracking WTI futures or VXX tracking VIX futures). I have read online about how for normal contango environments, ...
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1answer
511 views

Replicating Log Contract - Errors Introduced by Jumps

In the GS Research Note about Volatility Swaps, it is shown that you can replicate a pure variance exposure (hedge) with only vanilla calls and puts, primarily thanks to the Carr-Madan formula of ...