Questions tagged [volatility-smile]

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Non-Trivial ATM Volatility in Vol smile construction from Market data on US Equities

have 2 quick questions please help. Constructing vol smile (OTM puts & OTM calls) from US equity market data. for Parabolas fit or other methods, the choice/method for ATM vol is non-trivial, ...
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32 views

How does the real market calculate the option prices when strikes are very small?

I'm working on the S&P500 European index options data(call options). On 2017-10-23, we have the closing price as 2564.98, and risk free rate is 1.09%(3 months treasury bill). If I choose the ...
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1answer
37 views

Trading butterfly a long vol or short vol

Sorry for what could be a naive question. When is the right time to trade a butterfly i.e. (buy 10d call and put vs sell atm all notional flat) is it when implied vols are high or low (relative to ...
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1answer
139 views

Implied Volatility vs Actual Volatility Calculation

To build a term structure I need different volatilities; as I don't get them at every strike, I use interpolation technique to calculate the rest and plot. This is how I calculate the implied vols. ...
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1answer
300 views

What does it mean that model can reflect the ”volatility smile”

I know that implied volatility is the value for which the Black Scholes model returns the correct option price. I also know that if we plot the volatility on the strike price chart, we will see "...
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1answer
534 views

Mixed local-stochastic volatility model in Quantlib

At a conference the speaker mentioned that it is a standard approach today to use a mix of local and stochastic volatility model in equity, FX and interest rates. Can you please suggest the most ...
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1answer
100 views

Hedging a FVA in practice

A FVA (forward volatility agreement) is a forward contract on the ATM implied volatility. So at at maturity date $T$ the payoff of a FVA with unit notional is $$ (I_{ATM}(T,T') - K) $$ where $I_{ATM}(...
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2answers
294 views

Heston volatility surface in Python QuantLib

Does anyone have experience with the Python QuantLib function HestonBlackVolSurface? I'm trying to produce a 3D plot of the volatility surface as done in the ...
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4answers
2k views

Implied Vol Smile: from Calls, Puts or Both?

This might be a simple question, but I couldn't find the answer anywhere: is there a separate Volatility smile (and surface) based on Calls and a separate Volatility smile (surface) based on Puts? Or ...
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1answer
195 views

Question about derivation of SABR volatility formula in original paper 'Managing Smile Risk' by Hagan et al

I have a question regarding the starting point of the derivation of SABR volatilities formulas in the appendix of the famous paper 'Managing Smile Risk' by Hagan et al. To derive SABR volatility ...
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1answer
125 views

Hedging vega risk with varswaps

I have encountered a statement that in summary reads like this: Varswaps became popular after the LTCM meltdown due to high levels of implied volatility the market was seeing at the time. Hedge funds ...
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0answers
30 views

Terminology : definition of skew for a volatility smile

Is there a generally accepted definition of skew for volatility smiles? Is skew always defined as $$ \frac{\partial{\widehat{\sigma}(K,T)}}{\partial{K}}, $$ where $\hat{\sigma}:[0;+\infty)\times[0;+\...
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1answer
113 views

FX ATM-volatility quotes

Is the implied volatility ATM the same for a currency pair as for the inverted currency pair. I.e, can I expect the same volatility quote ATM for (for an instance) EURUSD as for USDEUR? And does this ...
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1answer
68 views

Do all stochastic volatility models capture volatility smile?

I started reading SABR model recently. In Wiki page, it states that the SABR model can capture volatility smile in derivative market. However, I do not see how it does so.
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51 views

FX Smile Polynomial Fitting

I am unable to reproduce the example of FX polynomial smile interpolation on page 59 of the book FX Option Pricing by Iain Clark shown below. Consider just the ATM volatility as a specific case. I ...
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30 views

Looking for a math description of upside/downside implied vols - does Dupire help?

This is in continuation of this post which explained the meaning of the vols in the vol smile as follows: Suppose you have a downsloping vol smile. Then, the fact that the vol is higher on the ...
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6answers
2k views

Why does the volatility smile flatten as maturities increase?

First, I can't find a purely "financial" explanation for this. Also the only mathematical explanation I've found so far was using the large deviations theory, which is quite complex. Is there a ...
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0answers
18 views

How can I extrapolate a Smile curve of Maturity T for a longer maturity T+1>T

I have a interpolated vol smile curve for maturity 2 years and I would like to extrapolate it to a 5 years.
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1answer
67 views

When Fitting Implied Vol in, implied vol=ax²+bx+c, why is better to use moneyness than delta as independent variable?

I am trying to construct a smile curve using Option data, I can either interpolate implied vol vs delta or implied vol vs moneyness.
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1answer
79 views

A PARADOX? - relationship between risk reversal (slope of vol smile) and digital price

how do we resolve this seeming paradox? lets take GBPUSD now: it has a negative risk reversal, ie putvols > call vols , because traders expect spot to fall, so they are buying puts, pushing their ...
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1answer
102 views

Option Volatility Smile vs Delta

I am new to options trading and have been trying to better understand the relationship between implied volatility, delta, and moneyness. I was wondering how a call option's implied volatility can go ...
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0answers
111 views

Why SVI does not fit well short-maturity options?

As I understood, the SVI is widely used among practitioners. However, it is mentioned in many published papers (including ones written by Gatheral), that the SVI model does not fit well short-maturity ...
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2answers
472 views

How does volatility skew change with underlying spot?

We know that generally ATM implied vol is negatively correlated with the underlying spot for equity indices, i.e. implied vol goes up when spot moves down. Therefore I wonder if there are any ...
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0answers
74 views

Hagan et. al original argument for SABR

In the original SABR paper (Hagan et al 2002 ), the introduction of the famous model is motivated by the observation that local volatility models spot dynamics work the wrong way. As the spot ...
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0answers
58 views

Extreme AUDJPY FX vols

I'm seeing levels of -12% of market strangle vol at 25 delta for AUDJPY at 20Y onward that is causing havoc with my pricing routines, the 10 delta market strangle is trading around -6% which is again ...
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3answers
326 views

Intuitive explanation for the smile in FX

What is the intuitive reason for the smile in FX? For equities this usually down to crash risk.
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1answer
133 views

Downward-sloping volatility skew in equity prices

I’m learning the market price for FRM, and I’m having a hard time understand a question in the assessment: From my understanding, the volatility skew for equity is the graph on the right upper corner:...
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1answer
389 views

Mixing Black Scholes with SABR

I am new to the whole concept of stochastic volatility so I am experimenting with option pricing. I think the concept is really difficult to understand / grasp. I was wondering if the following ...
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0answers
181 views

Risk reversal basics and trading strategies

It it written in the book by Giles Jewitt: "If a currency pair had a completely flat volatility smile, the risk reversal strikes would be positioned approximately symmetrically around the ATM strike ...
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1answer
621 views

Transforming 3M volatilities into 6M volatilities in EUR forecast curves

I have implemented a stripping algorithm to extract forward volatilities from cap/floor flat volatilities for different currencies. I am however struggling a bit when implementing a method to convert ...
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0answers
58 views

FX Smile Curve Extrapolation

How a smooth smile curve is generated from 5 smile points : 10D RR, 25D RR, 10D SM, 25D SM and ATM? What are the commonly used extrapolation and interpolation techniques? I have seen people ...
2
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1answer
121 views

FX smile extrapolation

Typically, 5 points data is available for smile construction : 25D RR, 25D SM, 10D RR, 10D SM and ATM. Questions: 1. How is a smooth smile curve generated with the help of these? 2. How is ...
4
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1answer
390 views

SSVI parametrization motivation , SSVI implementation

I've read the following paper of Gatheral and Jacquier https://arxiv.org/pdf/1204.0646.pdf about volatility surfaces. I'm thinking about the SSVI surface. Is there any motivation why they choose ...
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0answers
191 views

Smile Strangle and Market Strangle

What is the difference between Smile Strangle margin and Market Strangle Margin in fx derivative market? Is it just variation in convention or is there any mathematical relationship between the two?
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2answers
433 views

Why is the SVI parameterization in terms of variance?

The Gatheral SVI parameterization reads $$\sigma^2 = a + b \left[\rho(k-m) + \sqrt{(k-m)^2+s^2}\right]\,.$$ Why is it expressed in terms of variance $\sigma^2$ and not directly in terms of volatility $...
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3answers
490 views

Why is volatility skew/smile for long term options flatter compare to short term options?

Volatility skew/smile for long term options is flatter compared to short term options, could someone help to explain why is that the case? Thanks
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0answers
111 views

Local volatility Formula and How To use it

I'm new to Volatility Modelling, so the content of this question may be completely wrong and th question naive. I'm reading "The volatility surface" by Gatheral. I'm trying to get a sense of the first ...
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1answer
748 views

Why do we fit volatility surfaces implied from a option pricing model to the empirical data?

As far as I understand volatility surface. It is made of 2 components, the volatility skew/smile and the volatility term structure. Together they form something like Implied volatility is ...
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1answer
113 views

Why and how is Implied volatility directly related to stock price but inversely related to strike price?

I know that in equity markets there is a volatility smirk which results in higher IV for lower strike price options because of crashophobia and leverage related factors but I can't wrap my head around ...
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4answers
1k views

Trading spot volatility

I am reading a paper that very briefly talks about some volatility arbitrage strategies. It's so brief that I do not exactly understand how it works. It says one of the strategy is based on "short ...
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0answers
152 views

FX Volatility smile interpolation delta or Log moneyness - which is better?

I am trying to understand the difference between interpolating an FX volatility smile across deltas and log moneyness ( ln(K/F)) Since Delta is dependant on the vol, it seems there is a difference ...
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3answers
5k views

Forward implied volatility

Can one price accurately by only using vanilla options a derivative that is exposed/sensitive mainly to the forward volatility ? If it is impossible, why do we hear sometimes "being long a long ...
4
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1answer
201 views

Effect of Vol-of-Vol on VIX

What is the effect of vol-of-vol of an underlying on the VIX Index? The VIX is computed as hedging portfolio of log contracts to isolate pure volatility exposure without specifying an underlying ...
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2answers
289 views

Volatility smile shows individual Put and Call IV or combination

IV is calculated per strike AND option type basis(for example WTI 50 CALL its x and WTI 50 PUT its y). The question is when its shown in "Smile" its just shown on strike basis, so does that mean lower ...
3
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1answer
390 views

LSV model calibration with only few quotes per maturity

At this link I have asked what is the market standard when pricing options in different asset classes. Based on the answers, the standard for FX and equities seems to be the local-stochastic ...
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1answer
499 views

What is market standard model in equity, FX and interest rates exotics?

Is there any industry consensus about the model to use for pricing exotics in equity, FX and interest rates? I assume that for vanilla options they all use Black model, but how about exotics? Also, ...
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0answers
92 views

The Free Boundary SABR: Natural Extension to Negative Rates

In the paper by Antonov, Konikov and Spector An alternative approximation for the SABR model is presented. I'm interested to implement the formula for the ATM swaptions implied volatilities in the ...
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2answers
3k views

Sticky Strike or Sticky Delta

Given market tick data for a single tenor for a futures and a set of options on the futures, how can I say if the IVs in the market at this point is sticky strike or sticky delta? I was trying to ...
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0answers
122 views

Produce volatility smile/skew with G2++ model

Suppose I have a G2++ short rate model: $$r(t)=x(t)+y(t)+\phi(t), \quad r(0)=r_0$$ with $$dx(t)=-ax(t)dt+\sigma dW_1(t), \quad x(0)=0$$ $$dy(t)=-bx(t)dt+\eta dW_2(t), \quad y(0)=0$$ $$d\langle W_1,W_2\...
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1answer
98 views

Filter options used in the construction of implied volatility surface

Currently trying to model the IV Surface using the APPL options, to compare how different models of the underlying move the IV Surface. However, after getting the data, I've seen that some option ...