Questions tagged [volatility-smile]

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1answer
84 views

Hedging a FVA in practice

A FVA (forward volatility agreement) is a forward contract on the ATM implied volatility. So at at maturity date $T$ the payoff of a FVA with unit notional is $$ (I_{ATM}(T,T') - K) $$ where $I_{ATM}(...
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4answers
1k views

Implied Vol Smile: from Calls, Puts or Both?

This might be a simple question, but I couldn't find the answer anywhere: is there a separate Volatility smile (and surface) based on Calls and a separate Volatility smile (surface) based on Puts? Or ...
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0answers
30 views

Terminology : definition of skew for a volatility smile

Is there a generally accepted definition of skew for volatility smiles? Is skew always defined as $$ \frac{\partial{\widehat{\sigma}(K,T)}}{\partial{K}}, $$ where $\hat{\sigma}:[0;+\infty)\times[0;+\...
2
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1answer
101 views

FX ATM-volatility quotes

Is the implied volatility ATM the same for a currency pair as for the inverted currency pair. I.e, can I expect the same volatility quote ATM for (for an instance) EURUSD as for USDEUR? And does this ...
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1answer
65 views

Do all stochastic volatility models capture volatility smile?

I started reading SABR model recently. In Wiki page, it states that the SABR model can capture volatility smile in derivative market. However, I do not see how it does so.
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0answers
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FX Smile Polynomial Fitting

I am unable to reproduce the example of FX polynomial smile interpolation on page 59 of the book FX Option Pricing by Iain Clark shown below. Consider just the ATM volatility as a specific case. I ...
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0answers
30 views

Looking for a math description of upside/downside implied vols - does Dupire help?

This is in continuation of this post which explained the meaning of the vols in the vol smile as follows: Suppose you have a downsloping vol smile. Then, the fact that the vol is higher on the ...
4
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1answer
108 views

Hedging vega risk with varswaps

I have encountered a statement that in summary reads like this: Varswaps became popular after the LTCM meltdown due to high levels of implied volatility the market was seeing at the time. Hedge funds ...
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0answers
17 views

How can I extrapolate a Smile curve of Maturity T for a longer maturity T+1>T

I have a interpolated vol smile curve for maturity 2 years and I would like to extrapolate it to a 5 years.
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1answer
66 views

When Fitting Implied Vol in, implied vol=ax²+bx+c, why is better to use moneyness than delta as independent variable?

I am trying to construct a smile curve using Option data, I can either interpolate implied vol vs delta or implied vol vs moneyness.
2
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1answer
78 views

A PARADOX? - relationship between risk reversal (slope of vol smile) and digital price

how do we resolve this seeming paradox? lets take GBPUSD now: it has a negative risk reversal, ie putvols > call vols , because traders expect spot to fall, so they are buying puts, pushing their ...
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2answers
222 views

Heston volatility surface in Python QuantLib

Does anyone have experience with the Python QuantLib function HestonBlackVolSurface? I'm trying to produce a 3D plot of the volatility surface as done in the ...
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1answer
93 views

Option Volatility Smile vs Delta

I am new to options trading and have been trying to better understand the relationship between implied volatility, delta, and moneyness. I was wondering how a call option's implied volatility can go ...
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0answers
108 views

Why SVI does not fit well short-maturity options?

As I understood, the SVI is widely used among practitioners. However, it is mentioned in many published papers (including ones written by Gatheral), that the SVI model does not fit well short-maturity ...
3
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2answers
411 views

How does volatility skew change with underlying spot?

We know that generally ATM implied vol is negatively correlated with the underlying spot for equity indices, i.e. implied vol goes up when spot moves down. Therefore I wonder if there are any ...
2
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0answers
70 views

Hagan et. al original argument for SABR

In the original SABR paper (Hagan et al 2002 ), the introduction of the famous model is motivated by the observation that local volatility models spot dynamics work the wrong way. As the spot ...
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0answers
56 views

Extreme AUDJPY FX vols

I'm seeing levels of -12% of market strangle vol at 25 delta for AUDJPY at 20Y onward that is causing havoc with my pricing routines, the 10 delta market strangle is trading around -6% which is again ...
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3answers
317 views

Intuitive explanation for the smile in FX

What is the intuitive reason for the smile in FX? For equities this usually down to crash risk.
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1answer
128 views

Downward-sloping volatility skew in equity prices

I’m learning the market price for FRM, and I’m having a hard time understand a question in the assessment: From my understanding, the volatility skew for equity is the graph on the right upper corner:...
2
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0answers
169 views

Risk reversal basics and trading strategies

It it written in the book by Giles Jewitt: "If a currency pair had a completely flat volatility smile, the risk reversal strikes would be positioned approximately symmetrically around the ATM strike ...
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0answers
57 views

FX Smile Curve Extrapolation

How a smooth smile curve is generated from 5 smile points : 10D RR, 25D RR, 10D SM, 25D SM and ATM? What are the commonly used extrapolation and interpolation techniques? I have seen people ...
2
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1answer
119 views

FX smile extrapolation

Typically, 5 points data is available for smile construction : 25D RR, 25D SM, 10D RR, 10D SM and ATM. Questions: 1. How is a smooth smile curve generated with the help of these? 2. How is ...
2
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0answers
173 views

Smile Strangle and Market Strangle

What is the difference between Smile Strangle margin and Market Strangle Margin in fx derivative market? Is it just variation in convention or is there any mathematical relationship between the two?
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2answers
383 views

Why is the SVI parameterization in terms of variance?

The Gatheral SVI parameterization reads $$\sigma^2 = a + b \left[\rho(k-m) + \sqrt{(k-m)^2+s^2}\right]\,.$$ Why is it expressed in terms of variance $\sigma^2$ and not directly in terms of volatility $...
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0answers
102 views

Local volatility Formula and How To use it

I'm new to Volatility Modelling, so the content of this question may be completely wrong and th question naive. I'm reading "The volatility surface" by Gatheral. I'm trying to get a sense of the first ...
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3answers
462 views

Why is volatility skew/smile for long term options flatter compare to short term options?

Volatility skew/smile for long term options is flatter compared to short term options, could someone help to explain why is that the case? Thanks
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1answer
107 views

Why and how is Implied volatility directly related to stock price but inversely related to strike price?

I know that in equity markets there is a volatility smirk which results in higher IV for lower strike price options because of crashophobia and leverage related factors but I can't wrap my head around ...
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1answer
680 views

Why do we fit volatility surfaces implied from a option pricing model to the empirical data?

As far as I understand volatility surface. It is made of 2 components, the volatility skew/smile and the volatility term structure. Together they form something like Implied volatility is ...
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0answers
147 views

FX Volatility smile interpolation delta or Log moneyness - which is better?

I am trying to understand the difference between interpolating an FX volatility smile across deltas and log moneyness ( ln(K/F)) Since Delta is dependant on the vol, it seems there is a difference ...
4
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1answer
193 views

Effect of Vol-of-Vol on VIX

What is the effect of vol-of-vol of an underlying on the VIX Index? The VIX is computed as hedging portfolio of log contracts to isolate pure volatility exposure without specifying an underlying ...
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2answers
275 views

Volatility smile shows individual Put and Call IV or combination

IV is calculated per strike AND option type basis(for example WTI 50 CALL its x and WTI 50 PUT its y). The question is when its shown in "Smile" its just shown on strike basis, so does that mean lower ...
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1answer
376 views

LSV model calibration with only few quotes per maturity

At this link I have asked what is the market standard when pricing options in different asset classes. Based on the answers, the standard for FX and equities seems to be the local-stochastic ...
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1answer
479 views

What is market standard model in equity, FX and interest rates exotics?

Is there any industry consensus about the model to use for pricing exotics in equity, FX and interest rates? I assume that for vanilla options they all use Black model, but how about exotics? Also, ...
3
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1answer
430 views

Mixed local-stochastic volatility model in Quantlib

At a conference the speaker mentioned that it is a standard approach today to use a mix of local and stochastic volatility model in equity, FX and interest rates. Can you please suggest the most ...
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0answers
84 views

The Free Boundary SABR: Natural Extension to Negative Rates

In the paper by Antonov, Konikov and Spector An alternative approximation for the SABR model is presented. I'm interested to implement the formula for the ATM swaptions implied volatilities in the ...
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2answers
3k views

Sticky Strike or Sticky Delta

Given market tick data for a single tenor for a futures and a set of options on the futures, how can I say if the IVs in the market at this point is sticky strike or sticky delta? I was trying to ...
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0answers
119 views

Produce volatility smile/skew with G2++ model

Suppose I have a G2++ short rate model: $$r(t)=x(t)+y(t)+\phi(t), \quad r(0)=r_0$$ with $$dx(t)=-ax(t)dt+\sigma dW_1(t), \quad x(0)=0$$ $$dy(t)=-bx(t)dt+\eta dW_2(t), \quad y(0)=0$$ $$d\langle W_1,W_2\...
4
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1answer
358 views

SSVI parametrization motivation , SSVI implementation

I've read the following paper of Gatheral and Jacquier https://arxiv.org/pdf/1204.0646.pdf about volatility surfaces. I'm thinking about the SSVI surface. Is there any motivation why they choose ...
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1answer
98 views

Filter options used in the construction of implied volatility surface

Currently trying to model the IV Surface using the APPL options, to compare how different models of the underlying move the IV Surface. However, after getting the data, I've seen that some option ...
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0answers
572 views

Arbitrage free smoothing of volatility smile - cubic spline - implementation procedure

I am studying the paper Arbitrage-Free Smoothing of the Implied Volatility Surface, from Matthias R. Fengler (https://core.ac.uk/download/pdf/6978470.pdf). The problem I want to solve is much simpler ...
7
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3answers
5k views

Forward implied volatility

Can one price accurately by only using vanilla options a derivative that is exposed/sensitive mainly to the forward volatility ? If it is impossible, why do we hear sometimes "being long a long ...
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0answers
73 views

Effect of Volatility Regime on Volatility Smile

For short-term FX options, I find empirically that the degree of curvature of the smile (OTM/ATM in %) is higher in low volatility environments. Similar results are found by Pena et al. ("Why do we ...
2
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1answer
66 views

Literature on quoting vol surfaces in the absence of listed option prices [duplicate]

What are some of the modern methods used to price equity volatilities "the most accurately possible" when there are very few listed derivative prices available or even none at all? Do the pricers in ...
4
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1answer
189 views

Question about derivation of SABR volatility formula in original paper 'Managing Smile Risk' by Hagan et al

I have a question regarding the starting point of the derivation of SABR volatilities formulas in the appendix of the famous paper 'Managing Smile Risk' by Hagan et al. To derive SABR volatility ...
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2answers
562 views

How should I convert FX Volatility Surface from one base currency to another?

This might be a very simple question but I wanted to understand how to convert FX volatility surface points which are quoted in one base currency to another currency? Eg I have fx vol quoted in EUR ...
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1answer
114 views

stochastic vol modelling not enough for smile

It seems in practice models that include Stochastic Volatility alone do not have enough power to produce actual observed implied vol surfaces. Is there recent empirical literature documenting this?
3
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1answer
384 views

Mixing Black Scholes with SABR

I am new to the whole concept of stochastic volatility so I am experimenting with option pricing. I think the concept is really difficult to understand / grasp. I was wondering if the following ...
5
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1answer
946 views

SSR definition in Bergomi in relation to sticky strike and sticky delta

In Bergomi [Stochastic Vol Modelling] (Sec. 2.5.2), in the section on surface dynamics, the following definition of the "Skew Stickiness Ratio" (SSR) is made: $$ SSR = \dfrac{1}{\mathcal{S}_T}\frac{d\...
4
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1answer
727 views

MTM Hedging Performance of Vanna-Volga

I was wondering how well Vanna-Volga (VV) Implied Vols "perform". So I experimented with the following option parameters $$S_0=100,\ K=92,\ r=0.03,\ q=0.01,\ T=2$$ and VV parameters $$K_1,K_2,K_3=...
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1answer
444 views

On a FX volatility smile, Is a-delta put volatility equal to (1-a)-delta call volatility?

On a FX volatility smile in terms of delta, If I want 95-delta put vol, Is this volatility equal to a 5-delta call vol, and viceversa? Thanks.