Questions tagged [volatility-smile]

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13
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2answers
1k views

For which instruments performs SABR/LMM better than LMM?

For which class of instruments the SABR/LIBOR Market Model does perform better than the classical LIBOR Market Model? The LIBOR Market Model The LIBOR Market Model — also known as Brace, Gatarek, ...
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1answer
655 views

MTM Hedging Performance of Vanna-Volga

I was wondering how well Vanna-Volga (VV) Implied Vols "perform". So I experimented with the following option parameters $$S_0=100,\ K=92,\ r=0.03,\ q=0.01,\ T=2$$ and VV parameters $$K_1,K_2,K_3=...
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1answer
742 views

SSR definition in Bergomi in relation to sticky strike and sticky delta

In Bergomi [Stochastic Vol Modelling] (Sec. 2.5.2), in the section on surface dynamics, the following definition of the "Skew Stickiness Ratio" (SSR) is made: $$ SSR = \dfrac{1}{\mathcal{S}_T}\frac{d\...
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1answer
384 views

On a FX volatility smile, Is a-delta put volatility equal to (1-a)-delta call volatility?

On a FX volatility smile in terms of delta, If I want 95-delta put vol, Is this volatility equal to a 5-delta call vol, and viceversa? Thanks.
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2answers
1k views

Marking implied vol surface daily with sticky strike and sticky delta

Suppose that implied vol surfaces are calibrated once per month due to data restrictions (i.e. option data is only available at month end). How can a trading desk remark their vol surfaces on a daily ...
7
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1answer
245 views

How are the BKM risk-neutral moments derived?

I've been doing a lot of research on implied volatility skewness, and one of the most commonly cited papers I've come across is "Stock Return Characteristics, Skew Laws, and the Differential Pricing ...
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1answer
501 views

Extrapolation of the volatility smile

Are there any market practices to extrapolate the volatility smile for equities? I already have an arbitrage free interpolated call prices data and I'm looking for a method to extrapolate beyond the ...
2
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1answer
625 views

“Black-Scholes model implies flat implied volatility plots”?

I am a beginner in Finance and I get confused by the statement "Black-Scholes model implies flat implied volatility plots" Here is one form of this statement: (Dan Stefanica, 150 most frequently ...
7
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1answer
2k views

QuantLib: Black / BSM processes and pricing via volatility surface. Different results?

I start this question with a couple of C++ functions that will be useful to show some results. So start your Visual Studio C++ Express or Ceemple or whatever you want and copy & paste this: ...
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1answer
51 views

Shape of smile after converting to prices

I have smile data which looks like this, but after converting the vol points to prices using black's model, i got something like this, is this expected? I was expecting the shape of the smile to ...
0
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1answer
175 views

What parameters give a smile (not smirk) in Heston?

I am trying to create a smile in Heston model, however, as of yet, I have only been able to get smirks (i.e., big negative slope ITM that flattens out ATM, and then a very small positive slope OTM). ...
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4answers
614 views

Volatility smile risk (negative effect) on dynamically hedged portfolio?

About last week you can see MSFT call & put option appears to be resembling volatility smile. And then I open trade positions on a 4 MSFT long call option contract (all 4 contract with fixed/...
4
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1answer
785 views

What interpretation can I derive from an inverted volatility surface?

While pulling some reports from Bloomberg today I came across the volatility surface for NYSE: ONDK, set for an earnings call next Monday. From what I've seen before (not much, 1 month on the job and ...
0
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1answer
2k views

From Delta to moneyness or strike

If I have volatility smile quoted with respect to the delta of an option on the forward, how can I convert this delta into the moneyness or strike of the option? Is there any bult-in function of ...
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4answers
2k views

Why does the volatility smile flatten as maturities increase?

First, I can't find a purely "financial" explanation for this. Also the only mathematical explanation I've found so far was using the large deviations theory, which is quite complex. Is there a ...
3
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1answer
1k views

Spot and Vol Correlation in Idealised Regimes of the Volatility Surface

From http://www.globalvolatilitysummit.com/wp-content/uploads/2015/10/Santander-Volatility-Trading-Primer-Part-II.pdf it states that there are the four idealised regimes of volatility surface. 1) ...
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1answer
231 views

Volatility Smile/skew in volatile markets

In a volatile market with uncertainty it's more likely that we see a volatility skew and not so much a smile. Therefore it must hold that, in chaotic markets, out-of-the-money calls and in-the-money ...
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4answers
2k views

Downward sloping smile in normal model

We consider an stock price $S$ following a normal model: $dS_t = \sigma dW_t$ We can write this as $\frac{dS_t}{S_t}=\frac{\sigma}{S_t}dW_t$ Hence we can see that $S$ follows a "log-normal" ...
2
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1answer
255 views

Why is the right part of the vol smile referred to as call skew

I often see the right part of the vol smile referred to as 'call skew'. However, due to put/call parity, this also represents skew for ITM puts. Is there a reason behind this convention?
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3answers
527 views

At-the-money and volatility smile

In a volatility smile; why is the ATM point usually or ideally at the bottom? In other words, why is the "smile" smile shaped as opposed to another shape?
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1answer
431 views

SABR model: from calibration to mapping the smile/skew in a graph

Let's say that I have a calibrated SABR model in FX market (eg for Eurodollar options). So I have estimated values of beta, rho, alpha, and vol of vol. How do I map the calibration in a (strike, vol)-...
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1answer
119 views

construct volatility smile based on historic observations

So I calculated historic volatility/skewness/kurtosis for a commodity. I now would like to construct a volatility smile that reflects this historically realized distribution. I tried using some ...
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1answer
129 views

Is it possible to find / estimate the volatility surface of non-listed index options?

I have 3 QNET options (european, 2 puts, 1 call, all same expiry, different strikes) that the broker is pricing clearly off a volatility surface. Bloomberg only carries historical volatility and I ...
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1answer
696 views

ATM volatility and flat volatility

Why do the implied volatility curve and the flat curve cross over the ATM volatility (at 100%) ? Tx
2
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1answer
255 views

What are some markets that don't have volatility smiles and why don't they?

I have read that volatility smiles didn't show up for equity options until 1987. Can some one give me an example(s) of what markets now still don't have volatility smiles and what an explanation for ...
2
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0answers
394 views

Vol surface changes as underlying moves

We market make in highly liquid, near term options markets. I want to build a risk report that tells us how our portfolio's greeks will change as the underlying moves. This is for risk management in ...
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1answer
310 views

How do I track implied volatility of specific delta?

I'm a newbie with respects to volatility trading and options. I recently purchased a book on the topic called "Trading Implied Volatility -An introduction" by Simon Gleadall. It's been one of the most ...
4
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1answer
615 views

Volatility Surface Constituents, do's and dont's

Recently I have been working a lot with implied volatility and volatility surfaces. The basic idea is easy to follow: 1) Gather market prices of options at different (Strike,Expiry) 2) Calculate ...
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1answer
432 views

SVI calibration, why fit to option prices and not implied volatilities

Bear with me. Related (very good) question: How to calibrate a volatility surface using SVI From this paper http://arxiv.org/pdf/1204.0646.pdf, page 21. Why does the recipe suggest fitting to option ...
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2answers
2k views

Vega hedging with implied volatility smile

I have a problem with vega hedging. Consider the management of an exotic derivative, such as Barrier option. Typically we do the following tasks: selecting a pricing model, say, a local volatility ...
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1answer
276 views

Connection between implied volatily and implied probability

I am reading some lecture notes about Black-Scholes (BS) option pricing. Since the BS-formula is not supported by observed data because of the dependence of the implied volatility on the strik and ...
6
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4answers
2k views

Volatility skew and how to capture it?

We see in the market that a implied volatility surface is not flat. Based on this observation different models were developed to capture the structure, e.g. CEV / SABR. A measure often used for the ...
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3answers
3k views

Variance swap replication and variance vega

Noob here. I've been trying to gain a better understanding of variance swaps and what better way than to replicate it with a portfolio of better understood instruments. I have read the GS 1999 ...
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1answer
644 views

Why is the volatility smile important

One thing I can't understand clearly is why there is so much focus on the volatility smile. Given my knowledge of the Black and Scholes model, this is what I get: People use the volatility smile as a ...
4
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1answer
2k views

parameters in Heston model and their impact on volatility smile

Consider the Heston model given by the following set of stochastic differential equations: $$\frac{dS_{t}}{S_{t}}=\mu_{t}dt+\sqrt{V_{t}}dW_{t}, S_{0}>0,$$ $$dV_{t}=\kappa(\theta-V_{t})dt+\xi\sqrt{...
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1answer
588 views

Why future (forward) volatility smile is important to path dependent option?

I was wondering why future volatility smile is important to path dependent option and American type option such as Bermudan swaption. It would be best if someone could provide a reference article as ...
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1answer
298 views

Effect of vol smile on risk neutral probability of ITM

I was asked in an interview about how the vol smile affect the price of a binary option, which is essentially the Prob(ITM) under risk neutral measure. My thought is that the implied vol at spot ...
2
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1answer
665 views

Some questions about implied volatilities and how to generate theoretical prices when market prices are not available

I am building a little Excel file that take some option prices in input and plots the volatility smile/surface. I have a script that reads market prices from the option chain for 3 different ...
0
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1answer
112 views

Why vertical skew is same for puts and calls

What is the reason that the vertical volatility skew graph(decreasing IV as the strikes increase) is the same for the puts and calls? The loose explanation is because of put call parity, but I am not ...
7
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1answer
4k views

SABR calibration: simple explanation and implementation

I would like to learn more about the SABR model and ho it is used in modeling smiles in equity, FX and rates markets. How would you explain the process and its implementation in simple steps? Any web ...
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1answer
241 views

Volatility tools / web sites?

Could someone give recommendations regarding volatility tools / web sites that they find useful? I am looking for information that my brokerage platform does not provide. Specifically, I want to see ...
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1answer
774 views

Is Cubic spline Interpolation on swaption Volatility arbitrage free?

If I use interpolation technique such as cubic spline to estimate volatility of Swaption with different strike,(with a given forward rate, swap and option maturity) will this be arbitrage free? What ...
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3answers
2k views

Concave volatility smile

Under what circumstances can implied volatility smile be concave (ATM implied volatility higher than OTM put and call)? I know that a slight concavity is not prohibited by no-arbitrage... What are ...

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