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Questions tagged [volatility]

A measure of the variation in price over time. Also a measure of the risk of a financial instrument.

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94 views

Hedge volatility decreases

My particular options positions are typically a long delta, and long vega. Decreases in implied volatility, or specifically the VIX, can drastically alter the profitability of my position. Is there a ...
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40 views

Reputational Harm

How would you measure the reputational harm incurred on an individual by an organization. How is Market Pricing in the expected payout resulting from the law suit by an individual ? The news breaks ...
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272 views

How to hedge a long stock with the corresponding volatility ETF

Let us say I want to establish a market neutral position. So if I buy 50 shares of stock (SPY) and I want to delta hedge, I sell an ATM covered call. So that brings the position delta to 0. Now, I ...
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364 views

Models for volatility estimation of high frequency data?

I have read on several news articles and research papers, "Contrary to popular belief, high frequency trading reduces volatility in stock markets rather than exacerbates it". Do you know the models ...
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179 views

Reference request about stochastic volatility model

I'm fiddling with estimation of stochastic volatility models and have build up a somewhat flexible framework using indirect inference. I would like to try and throw a lot of different continuous ...
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344 views

Adjusting for variance bias when using overlapping data

I'm in the process of constructing volatility cones for several assets and I want to make sure the data is free of biases. I know that using overlapping data introduces an artificial degree of ...
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62 views

What are the estimation methods for SV models?

I want to know about some methods like Methods-of-Moments, Quasi-Maximum Likelihood method, Baysian methods using Markov Chain Monte Carlo methods. Is there any reference to have an idea of these ...
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449 views

How to calculate modeled asset volatility by industry factor?

Currently I am working with huge data frame which consists of a lot firms. For each firm in my sample I calculated asset volatility ( I am using Merton default probability model, so I have used 2 ...
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181 views

What's the link between EURIBOR3M futures volatility and rates volatility?

If I am not wrong, EURIBOR3M futures with maturity $T$, whose price is $F_{T}$, are quoted like contracts which express the underlying forward rates, $r_{T}$, as $$r_{T}=\frac{100-F_{T}}{100}$$ Now ...
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91 views

Clarifying the way in counting number of weeks for calculating historical weekly volatility in Bloomberg

I would like to confirm the way to counting number of weeks for calculating historical weekly volatility in Bloomberg. Given an option with issue date from 14/1/2014 to 13/1/2019, is the proper way to ...
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1answer
259 views

Distribution of realized volatility for stock prices from a GBM

If you generate random stock price paths according to a GBM with daily increments, what will be the distribution of the realized volatility? Assume that the realized volatility is measured over daily ...
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1answer
296 views

SVI Zeliade Vol Surface Calibration

Have a question about SVI Zeliade Implementation (pdf, overview). The paper suggested to do 2 rounds of optimization, first for $\{a,b,\rho\}$ and 2nd for $\{m,\sigma\}$. Does anyone know if I can ...
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1answer
72 views

One-day spikes in implied volatility data

I am building a model that takes the 12 month ATM call implied volatility as one of its inputs. I downloaded this implied vol time series data from Bloomberg for CM CN Equity (Canadian Imperial Bank ...
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1answer
2k views

How to determine volatility for private company for Black-Scholes

I am trying to determine the volatility to use Black-Scholes to value some warrants for a private company. Very few comps are public or they are large diversified businesses. Any thoughts on how to ...
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23 views

Replication; modelled or historical distribution?

For a limited time (a few months) only, I want to replicate a target portfolio (consisting of asset classes) with all the asset classes in such target portfolio minus a few. I only have 5+ years of ...
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27 views

Reading this ichimoku cloud how do you read this wdfc chart?

Having trouble reading the charts as the breakouts aren’t clear What do you see in this chart?
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25 views

ATM Curve Construction: Short-Dates

Please explain example 1 and example 2. In example 1 how does 6 appear in the square root function. And in example 2 it is written:" Assume it is known that spot will be completely static during the ...
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20 views

What is the best method to factoring/calculating pre and post event volatility? Such as for company earnings

What is the best method to factoring/calculating pre and post event volatility? Such as for company earnings.
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13 views

How to compute reference share price and reference volatility in CreditGrade?

I'm trying to implement CreditGrade in python, from the msci Technical Notes (https://www.msci.com/documents/10199/dd31bcce-6fe3-47b7-9fb7-10c4c8f750ba) but I'm running into some comprehension trouble ...
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49 views

looking for a simple realistic parametric volatility model

Which parametric volatility is realistic to test quickly and qualitatively a model? I do not wish to fit market quotes but would like to have a non-trivial volatility with skew or smile to do some MC ...
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32 views

Negative drift when calibrating GBM parameters

Setup for question: Consider a basket of $N$ stocks $\{S^1, S^2, \dots, S^N\}$. For fixed strike $K$, each stock in the basket, $S^i$, follows the SDE $$dS_t^i = \mu^i(t) S_t^i dt + \sigma^i(K, t) ...
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1answer
42 views

Confidence Intervals for ARMA+GARCH forecasts

I have fitted an ARMA(1,1)+GARCH(1,1) model to my logreturns series. When it comes to my standarized error's distribution however, I have opted for a Skewed Generalized Error Distribution, because of ...
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26 views

Arbitrage bounds on volatility of price of binary option?

What are the arbitrage bounds on the volatility of the price of a binary option? If the binary price moves too much (such that it violates the arbitrage bounds) what trades would you actually execute ...
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27 views

How do I export data from the volatility lab?

I am trying to export data from the volatility lab within the interactive brokers TWS platform. Specifically, I am interested in implied volatility and historical volatility for specific tickers. ...
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21 views

Volatility Skew fitting in R; Calculate option delta using various volatility dynamics

Given a fixed maturity option chain, i was wondering if there is any way to evaluation an option against this volatility surface and compute the various delta of the options wrt to volatility dynamics ...
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36 views

Varswap replication product

I would like to ask about a product that some Flow desks sell : Varswap replication strategies. I know that it consists of weighted basket of calls and puts , however I would like to know how does it ...
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40 views

Implied volatility of Treasury options

For practitioners, does the concept of implied volatility also apply to (European) Treasury Options (whose underlying is Treasury Futures contracts)? For the standard individual stock vanilla ...
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82 views

Interpolation of SVI Implied Volatility in parameter space

I am currently working with a slice-wise SVI parametrisation of the implied volatility surface. $\sigma^2(x,t) = a_t + b_t (\rho_t (x - m_t) + \sqrt{(x - m_t)^2 + \theta^2})$ Does anyone have ...
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43 views

Calculation of the risk free rate

For portfolio management I need the risk-free to compute the sharpe ratio. I would like the use to rate on the 3 month treasury bill from the US. https://fred.stlouisfed.org/series/TB3MS#0 The ...
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21 views
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54 views

Cross Effect in OLS

I am using cross effect in OLS regression for a time series problem for a multivariate regression. I want to quote reference for use of cross effect. Secondly, I want to explain why better to use ...
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30 views

How can i fit the following regression in R? Why is the coefficient [second Columns] for R so low?

'Rwml' is the monthly log return So the first column is clear, I got nearly the same values, at least the same magnitude. But: If I regress on the variance, my input values are way too low to get a ...
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20 views

How to forecast monthly volatility with daily gjrGarch estimates

I'm currently writing a paper and need to regress the 22 days realized volatility of the following month on its GARCH estimate and the 126days realized volatility up to t=1 The paper im referring to ...
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1answer
82 views

Interpretation conditional volatility plot

I have plotten the log differences of exchange rates and in the same plot, I show the conditional volatility $\sigma_t^2$. The conditional volatility follows approximately the same path, but is much ...
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60 views

Calculating historical volatility and returns from bond yield

I am interested to calculate the historical volatility and returns from a time series of US 3m T-bill yield (see screenshot below), for portfolio optimization. I am not too sure how to bridge the idea ...
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74 views

Fitting to Market Data in Extended Vasicek / Hull White

I need your help for my task. I need to calibrate to the market data for Hull White model for Zero Coupon Bond Price. I refer to John Hull and Alan White paper. I want to ask you a few questions and ...
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64 views

What is the model behind Heston-Nandi functions in the fOptions R package?

I am dealing with Heston model in R and for this purpose I am using the package fOptions from RMetrics. The calibration formula requires the specification of some parameters (omega, lamda, alpha, ...
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55 views

How is a LIBOR Market Model volatility skew determined?

LIBOR based interest rates are derived from the prices (supply / demand) of swaptions, caps and floors. These prices are generally quoted in yield vols. Their prices are given by the Black formula. ...
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1answer
221 views

Multivariate Markov Regime switching GARCH

I have a regression with 4 independent variables and a dependent variable. I want to implement a Regime switching GARCH model but have been unable to find a package in R,Python or Matlab. MSGARCH ...
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409 views

Rolling forecast using GARCH model

EDIT This is not a duplicate of my original question linked, since I have since overcome that problem and have posted an answer. Since solving the previous problem, I have run into the problem ...
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73 views

What is the use of undiscounted Futures/Option Prices

Reading the great book of Gatheral on Vol Surfaces (link) I can't help but notice that throughout he uses undiscounted option prices (though he obviously never assumed rates to be zero). See e.g. ...
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496 views

Barra covariance matrix construction

I am trying to replicate the covariance matrix used by Barra risk models. All Barra models have half life parameters for volatilities and correlations (e.g. if the half life for volatlity is 90 days, ...
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202 views

Monte Carlo simulation based VaR: daily vs annual parameters

I am given the initial price, annualized return, and volatility of a security. I am trying to calculate annualized VaR using Monte Carlo simulation approach. To do this I will use the following ...
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184 views

How to estimate $\sigma$ and $r$ in binomial pricing model?

I am writing a program to price American put options with binomial pricing model and to compare it with the market price. When I used made-up numbers for $\sigma$ and $r$, the price by binomial ...
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141 views

Are “stylized facts” based on reliable evidence?

A highly cited article "Empirical properties of asset returns: stylized facts and statistical issues" by R. Cont use the Figure 8. below to illustrate the well-known phenomenon of volatility ...
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240 views

Volatility vs. Moving Average Distance

Currently I am designing a little market making bot for forex trading, that puts offers around the mid price. In the market I am trading it happens the order book becomes so thin that the mid price ...
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111 views

Monte Carlo volatily

I was wondering if we could do a forecast on volatility using monte carlo on an underlying asset. For example EUR/USD : Simulating a lot of possible paths on 1 year then calculate the volatilty for ...
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166 views

Black Variance Surface

I came across black variance surface in quantlib code. For options, usually volatility surface is used for pricing. When you will use variance surface for pricing or any advantages over volatility ...
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68 views

Estimating volatility

Why is $$\frac{ \left(\frac{ \Delta S}{S}\right)^2} {dt}$$ an estimator of volatility squared (as claimed by my book)? As far as I understand it, we estimate volatitility squared as $$\frac{ Var( \...
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170 views

Caplet and Swaption Volatilities

Why is volatility always quoted in terms of caplet and swaption? Why not quoted in terms of other instruments?