# All Questions

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### How to model High/Low prices for Stocks with Monte Carlo

I'm using monte carlo simulation to model stock paths and measure risk, but I was wondering if there is a way to simulate the full bar/candle chart with open, high, low and close prices , as I'm only ...
0answers
21 views

### What NPV value to expect with X% success?

cross-posted from https://math.stackexchange.com/questions/3326309/what-value-to-expect-with-x-success I'm trying to intuit the following statements based on the plot below, but I'm stuck on the ...
0answers
35 views

### Solutions for Paul Wilmott Derivatives Book

I am looking for solutions manual for Derivatives, "the theory and practice of financial engineering". I'm not sure if the manual is published ever but I couldn't get it. I would be more than happy ...
1answer
61 views

### How does one calculate the duration of a cash flow

The question reads: A firm has liabilities as follows: £2,910 at time t = 0 and £7,501 at time t = 4 (time is measured in years). On the asset side the firm has two payments, each for £5,000, at time ...
1answer
552 views

### Variance swap volatility - ATMF vol, Skew and Curvature

In a pure diffusion setting, it is a well known result that the volatility $\sigma_T$ of a fresh-start variance swap of maturity $T$ as seen of $t=0$ verifies \begin{align} \sigma_T^2 &= \Bbb{E}_0^...
1answer
279 views

### VAR-aDCC full ARCH and GARCH parameter matrices in R

I am working with the rmgarch package in R and I estimated a VAR-aDCC model. Is there any way to extract the extended version of estimates (allowing for volatility ...
6answers
10k views

### Risk Neutral Probability

I read that an option prices is the expected value of the payout under the risk neutral probability. Intuitively why is the expectation taken with respect to risk neutral as opposed to the actual ...
1answer
69 views

### Question about volatility surfaces

As a learner, I'm curious to know the answer to 2 questions regarding volatility surfaces 1) It's stated that volatility surface should be flat accdording to Black-Scholes model. Why is that? Time (...
2answers
75 views

### Fama French Three Factor Model: How do I get the risk premia?

I try to calculate the cost of equity with the FF3 model and already estimated the beta factors for the market, size and value risk premia by using regressions and the data provided on the Kenneth ...
1answer
415 views

### Brennan-Schwartz algorithm for pricing American options

I'm reading Pricing American Options using LU decomposition by Ikonen and Toivanen (IT). They reference The valuation of American put options by Brennan and Schwartz, and cast it as method that uses ...
0answers
31 views

### International Baccalaureate - Balance Sheet Format

I would like to transform Tesla's balance sheet (https://www.nasdaq.com/symbol/tsla/financials?query=balance-sheet) into the IB-balance sheet format (see below). In the current assets section, is it,...
0answers
11 views

### How to implement Time varying EWMA cross correlation in STATA?

I have read this question, I know about lambda, demeaned subindexes. But not able to implement in STATA?
1answer
2k views

### Estimating correlation using EWMA

I am using an EWMA model to evaluate the correlation between yearly time series. I know Riskmetrics uses $\lambda=0.94$ for daily data and $\lambda=0.97$ for monthly data. Is there a value ...
1answer
53 views

### Can we use Black-Scholes to price path dependent options?

I know that we can use the Black-Scholes framework to price vanilla products like a European call or put, where the payoff only depends on the share price at maturity. But can we use it to price path ...
1answer
464 views

### (Reproducible example) Conditional returns in GARCH-EVT-Copula context (with R)

I'm estimating a time-varying correlation matrix for the normal copula using the rmgarch package from R. I've found this code in the rmgarch.tests folder. I use the ...
1answer
386 views

### Block bootstrap to synthesize asset prices

I have a few basic questions on block bootstrapping on a financial time series ('TS'). Assuming my trade universe consists of 10 stocks, I would like to create a set of synthetic prices for all 10 ...
1answer
122 views

### Which securities have expirations more often than monthly?

I'd like to explore buying low-cost calls close to the money, so I'm looking for low time values in options premiums. This happens near options expiration. Unfortunately, most options expire on the ...
1answer
87 views

### What does “Gamma profit/loss” mean?

I understand the Greeks as derivatives, but I'm very confused with terms like "Gamma profit/loss""Theta profit/loss". What do these terminologies mean? I've searched online but can't find a proper ...
0answers
28 views

2answers
357 views

### FX hedging: forward rate and implied forward rate

In this paper (box 1 page 24): https://www.rbnz.govt.nz/-/media/ReserveBank/Files/Publications/Bulletins/2000/2000mar63-1brookeshargreaveslucaswhite.pdf It is argued that the forward rate that a ...
2answers
9k views

### How to calculate daily risk free interest rates

I'm working on an assignment in which I need to calculate excess returns for six stocks plus the S&P 500. I have computed daily logarithmic returns for every stock and for the market, I now need ...
2answers
384 views

### Retrieval of MSCI factor index performance data from the web

I hope this question is on-topic. What is a convenient way to get MSCI index performance data from the web? I would be interested in daily performance data of the factor indices momentum, minvol, ...

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