# All Questions

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### How does duplicate data affect backtesting?

Before developing a trading strategy, one should clean and preprocess his data set. It is very common that a data set contains huge number of duplicates. Question: How does duplicate data affect ...
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### How does one calculate the duration of a cash flow

The question reads: A firm has liabilities as follows: £2,910 at time t = 0 and £7,501 at time t = 4 (time is measured in years). On the asset side the firm has two payments, each for £5,000, at time ...
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### How to calculate the expected stock returns for an individual stock?

I know about CAPM. My question is if this method is also viable: Calculate monthly logReturns ...