# All Questions

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### Get market cap by ticker on 1.7.2013?

I have a list of all S&P500 tickers, e.g. AAPL, GOOG, JPM. I would like to get their market cap on 1.7.2013 (I don't have Bloomberg, only free internet). Is there an excel addin or other tool/...
1k views

### Cointegration results interpretation validation?

Here is how I am interpreting results of a Johansen Cointegration Test and Engel-Granger Test for A and B. The results:(Using matlab) ...
351 views

### Implication of the Greeks under jump diffusion model

Consider jump diffusion model proposed by Merton and Kou. As far as i know, most paper only dealt the valuation of option under the jump diffusion model. As i expected, because of the ...
122 views

### Index for Hedge fund, Private Equity, Venture Capital

We have index for stock market, like S&P500, Nikkei 225, etc. I wonder if we have any index for hedge funds, private equity or venture capital?
382 views

### Portfolio VaR with Copula?

Let the portfolio be given by: $$X=X_1+X_2$$ $(X_1,X_2)$ are dependent through a Copula function $C(u_1,u_2)$, such that the joint distribution is given by: $$F(x_1,x_2)=C(F(x_1),F(x_2))$$ What is ...
116 views

### Why vertical skew is same for puts and calls

What is the reason that the vertical volatility skew graph(decreasing IV as the strikes increase) is the same for the puts and calls? The loose explanation is because of put call parity, but I am not ...
763 views

### Why doesn't Black-Scholes assume the absence of statistical arbitrage?

Both Black-Scholes and binomial model assume that there's no risk-free arbitrage in the market. But that sounds like a very weak condition. If a trading scheme makes you gain 100 dollars with 99% ...
437 views

### what volatility do we calculate using GARCH model

what volatility do we calculate using GARCH model, Historical vol or Implied vol or Future Vol or Actual vol.
93 views

### Is the value also log-normally distributed?

My book assumes many times that $log(1+R)$ is normally distributed, so R is log-normal. But does this also mean that the value process is log-normal? Since $V=V_0(1+R)\rightarrow V/V_0=1+R$, and since ...
509 views

### Historical Implied Volatility Calculation

I'm trying to calculate implied volatility for the FTSE 100 for the last few years. I have all the end of day data from LIFFE for the last few years. I have combined the data by weighting the ...
107 views

887 views

### Total return index for interest rates (EURIBOR 3M)

I would like to calculate a daily total return index for the EURIBOR 3M. • Should I freeze at the beginning of each qurter die rate? (With this methology the developing of the index depends on the ...
736 views

### Calculation of Returns and Risk Metrics for L/S Portfolio

I am trying to build a test for a long/short portfolio. I am aiming for market neutral and have put together a long portfolio as well as a short portfolio (see below). However, I am not sure if I am ...
112 views

### Why IV shares an inverse relationship with underlying

Why does implied volatility usually fall when underlying rises and rises when underlying falls? Implied volatility is a length of one standard deviation. From this definition, is it possible without ...
491 views

### What is delta neutral

Does delta neutral portfolio mean you add up deltas of all positions and the sum should be zero? Is this true? Also, in a FX portfolio consisting of FX calls puts and Fwds, if FWD delta is given for ...
256 views

### Relation between IV and SD

In option pricing, volatility naturally appeared through the Black-Scholes (BS) model where it was a coefficient for the linear diffusion term $\sigma S\,\mathrm dW_t$, and as such represented the ...
77 views

### finance - using CAPM [closed]

The risk-free rate is 4%, and the expected return on the market portfolio is 12%. Using the Capital Asset Pricing Model: a. What is the risk premium on the market? b. what is the required return on ...
88 views

### Pricing rule shall be a martingale measure

In the book "Financial Modelling with jump processes" by Cont and Tankov there is a chapter that explains martingale pricing principles. It is not extremely formal, but gives the idea underlying the ...
1k views

### Various ways to choose bonds for a butterfly strategy?

What are the various ways to choose bonds for a butterfly strategy? For eg., I already know the most common one i.e., choosing short and long term for the wings (barbell) and the medium term for the ...
1k views

### How to calibrate the Hull-White model using cap prices?

I'm given cap prices and swap rates, and i'm trying to calibrate the Hull-White model to them. I then want to use the model in order to price a swaption. I know that the model can be calibrated from ...
128 views

### In a FX options book, is the sum of P&L equal to the portfolio value?

For a portfolio containing FX options, would the sum of P&L for each option be the portfolio value?
3k views

### FX Delta Conventions

I'm currently reading Iain Clark's book Foreign Exchange Option Pricing and I got stuck at one sentence in the beginning of Section 3.3 that I feel is important to understand. He writes: FX ...
273 views

### TAQ NYSE OpenBook

Where can I get/buy the TAQ NYSE OpenBook for specific stocks on specific days? I don't need a whole year of all stocks. I just want to enter a day and a stock, so I can download the order book data ...
11k views

### Derivation of the formulas for the values of European asset-or-nothing and cash-or-nothing options

The asset-or-nothing European option pays at t = T the value of the stock when at time T that value exceeds or is equal to the exercise price E, and nothing if the value of the stock is below E. So, ...
2k views

### float64 to store price data: is precision sufficient?

I am looking to store equity price data in a hdf5 table. The use will be purely as a historical archive, not as day-to-day data source. Options One option would be to store base10 significand and ...
146 views

2k views

### Curve Euribor - Euribor 3M

I'm setting up some Euribor 6M and Euribor 3M curves. So far i have all the data and quotes i need, but i'm having trouble defining the firsts points of the curve. I'm currently using 6M Euribor and ...