# All Questions

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195 views

### Whats the big deal between volatility and the risk free rate?

I am trying to understand asset price volatility. Many of the news articles I read link how stock market volatility is linked to asset price volatility? To give an example, in Mike Mackenzie's (...
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### Alternative Method for Determining Option-Implied pdf

As I am refining a pricing model to incorporate skew, and not just ATM volatilities, I need to create random realizations of the underlying consistent with the skew-implied pdf. When searching, one ...
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### What are the trade offs when choosing a long term bond future to trade?

It seems that when trading long term bonds *** and choosing between the two offerings on CME one is presented with a Scylla and Charybdis decision. 1. VOLATILITY CONSISTENCY: Ultra U.S. Treasury Bond ...
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### Reference request for research on the maximum drawdown **ratio** (NOT value)

Let's suppose the asset price process follows a Geometric Brownian motion $S_t \sim GBM(\mu, \sigma),\,t\ge 0$, and define the two process:  \begin{align} \text{MSF}_t &:= \max_{\tau\in[0,t]} S_\...
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### Pricing a Double Knock In Option

I have been looking at pricing a barrier option that has payoff of your usual European Call option, $\max(S_T - K, 0)$ if the stock price exceeds a horizon $A$ and then afterwards drop under some ...
110 views

### Comparison of normalization methods on market returns

I am looking to use a multi-factor model to make target-return predictions. Since the factor-returns come from different scales I need to normalize first. There are different ways to normalize ...
1k views

### Newey-West standard errors in Fama-MacBeth regressions

I noticed that during the recent decade most of papers, which use Fama-MacBeth regressions compute Newey-West standard errors. I tried to find detailed description of this procedure in the books on ...
114 views

### difference between Meucci fully flexible probability and markov regime swtiching models?

What is the difference between A. Meucci's Fully Flexible Probability (FFP) and Markov Regime Switching Models ? They seem very similar to me, FFP based on state variables that define regimes will ...
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### Why is market cap used to value equity instead of a self consistent solution?

My claim is that if we use the cost of equity of a levered firm via the DCF method then we make errors. Specifically if we find the firm is under-valued then in truth its more under-valued than we ...
576 views

### Why is Bachelier implied volatility more skewed than the Black-Scholes implied volatility?

I found the following explanation in a paper by Grunspan (see attached paper page 6) but have trouble understanding it: By differentiating Formula (3) with respect to m, it turns out that the ...
259 views

### Higher Order Greeks

In studying options pricing a while back, I had learned of the higher order sensitivities of of Speed and Color. Speed was the rate at which the gamma changes with the underlying. Color is a ...
2k views

### Creating Factor mimicking portfolio returns

I have some trouble understanding how to create factor mimicking portfolio returns. As pointed out in this question, Tsay provides a small description, but I am unsure if my procedure is correct. In ...
788 views

### Black-Scholes PDE - Change of Variables

In the derivation below, I cannot figure out how to solve for "Step 3". Can anyone help me walk through the steps in detail? Derivation:
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### Is non-stationarity an issue during copula estimation?

In this paper (1), on page 14 (section 4), the author presents an empirical experiment on the computation of a copula through the use of kernels. To do so, he uses the following stochastic process (...
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Let's take a look at market-maker's option quote in vol terms: 8.5 / 9.5. In that example bid-ask spread equals 1.0 point of vol. Can anybody clarifying how market-maker choose amount of spread in ...
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### How to find a probability of VIX moving from one price to another

I asked a similar question on here with a bounty. I decided to modify the question to simplify what I am trying to do. Is there a package on MATLAB or some other tool where I can find the probability ...
652 views

### Retrieval of MSCI factor index performance data from the web

I hope this question is on-topic. What is a convenient way to get MSCI index performance data from the web? I would be interested in daily performance data of the factor indices momentum, minvol, ...
145 views

### Realized volatility vs Fundamental volatility

What is the difference between the realized volatility (also called historical volatility) and the fundamental volatility?
131 views

### Heston (1997) paper

Does anyone know where I can find this paper ? A Simple New Formula for Options With Stochastic Volatility - (Heston,1997) Thanks