All Questions

3,093 questions with no upvoted or accepted answers
Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
4
votes
0answers
194 views

Trading signal strength: [-1 to 1] or [predicted return]?

In the context of a backtesting engine, is it better to have strategy generate trade signals in the range from -1 to 1 or as exact predicted returns (e.g. -12% or 26%). The difference lies in how to ...
4
votes
0answers
1k views

Calibration of Merton's jump diffusion model

Setting In my financial engineering project I'm working on a new calibration formalism for jump-diffusion models and in particular Merton's jump diffusion model. A jump diffusion process $\{X(t), t \...
4
votes
0answers
1k views

How to trade the Ornstein-Uhlenbeck process?

My question comes from this paper, which is a short version of Avellaneda's paper The picture bellow provides a summary of the equations. Do I understand correctly that in order to trade OU process ...
4
votes
0answers
158 views

Interplay of statistical factors (PCA) and market factors (value, momentum, low vol, …)

Is there any research done on the interplay between statistical factors (as a result of principle component analysis PCA) and the market factors (especially value, size, low vol, momentum, quality)? ...
4
votes
1answer
986 views

Stress Testing for VaR

I am trying to perform stress testing for VaR and have taken into consideration two methods:- 1. Sensitivity analysis 2. Historical scenario analysis. According to the Derivatives Policy group we ...
4
votes
0answers
115 views

How do I calculate the present value of a credit default swap?

I am paid 20 million every time a bond drops to a new low over a 120 month period. I need to know how to find the present value of such an arrangement if there is a continuously compound interest of 5 ...
4
votes
0answers
68 views

European call option delta and maximum principle

From comments, the maximum principle for parabolic PDE can be used to show that the European call option delta cannot be greater than 1. I am looking forward to such derivations.
4
votes
0answers
155 views

Match different option high frequency databases

I downloaded the “E-mini S&P 500 (Dollar) Options for 1/10/11” Top-of-Book (BBO) data. If you are interested you may download the data from the following link (approx. 80MB zipped and 1GB unzipped)...
4
votes
0answers
440 views

How to compute the stochastic integral of log-normal process?

How do you compute the following integral: $$\int_0^t e^{\mu s + \sigma W_s} ds$$ or $$\int_0^t e^{\mu s + \sigma W_s} dW_s$$ ? Are those integrals stochastic processes of some well-know type (...
4
votes
0answers
266 views

Fourth moment of ARCH(2)

I am studying the ARCH(2) process given by $$X_t = \sqrt{h_t} \varepsilon_t$$ where $$h_t = \alpha_0 + \alpha_1 X_{t-1} ^2 + \alpha_2 X_{t-2} ^2$$ and $\varepsilon_t$ follows $N(0,1)$. ...
4
votes
0answers
687 views

What is the difference between gross and net enterprise wide risk?

Reading a Basel paper on recommendations on internal economic capital models. One of the recommendations says members of the bank's board should be able to demonstrate understanding of the difference ...
4
votes
0answers
85 views

Are there academic papers on the 'term structure' of adverse selection for futures and options?

By term structure I mean a non-stationarity in the pattern of intraday adverse selection as a given instruments approaches its expiry. Note that I am interested in the adverse selection on the ...
4
votes
0answers
9k views

credit risk - How to calculate the probability of default (private companies)?

Part of my master thesis I am working with a company. I have the project to use their financial database with all the financials data (7 years) of approximately 3’000 companies. They have their own ...
4
votes
0answers
69 views

Is there any index calculation methodology that is suitable when constituents change frequently?

Trying to create a custom stock sector index, however adding/dropping of the constituents will be frequent. Which kind of index calculation methodology (e.g. Price Weighted, Equal Weighted, Cap ...
4
votes
0answers
2k views

Carry Trade vs synthetic Carry Trade using forward contracts

When it comes to foreign exchange carry trade strategy, the definition is straightforward: an investor borrows 1 US-\$ in the US (low interest country) and invests that \$1 to AU (high interest ...
4
votes
0answers
246 views

How would it be possible to use Dynamic Programming to search a space of investment strategies to find an optimum?

As my question states, the problem I am having is finding a sensible way to search a large space. Any help or insight that could be provided would be hugely appreciated. Currently I am trying to ...
4
votes
0answers
119 views

How does one simulate intraday strategies which don't end up flat at the close?

I ran into this trying to simulate trading interlisted names between the NYSE and the TSX. Depending on my strategy parametrization it would sometimes end up with a significant short or long dollar ...
4
votes
0answers
122 views

How can a beginner trader make use of 'volatility of volatility'

For a beginner option trader in equity options, how can he use this metric that is provided by his broker/data vendor? How can he use this metric to gain an added understanding of the option pricing/...
4
votes
0answers
268 views

Show that in an arbitrage-free and non-redundant market a certain set is compact

Some notation: We consider a financial market with $d+1$ assets, the $0$-th asset is considered the risk-free asset, the others are the risky ones. The vector $\overline \pi \in \mathbb R^{d+1}$ ...
4
votes
0answers
238 views

Discrete Trading to reduce speculation

I recently read a paper by Terje Lensberg (2014) "Costs and benefits of financial regulation: Short-selling bans and transaction taxes" where he analyzed the effects of financial regulation (short ...
4
votes
0answers
2k views

Implied volatility from American options using python

I am currently trying to construct volatility surface from american option prices (using Cox-Ross-Rubinstein tree) in Python 2.7. Below you can find the code I came up with. Any corrections would be ...
4
votes
0answers
594 views

How do I artificially generate intraday ticks data from a given input (Open,High,Low,Close,Volume) using Brownian Bridge method?

How do I artificially generate intraday ticks data from a given input (Open,High,Low,Close,Volume) using Brownian Bridge method? https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Brownian_bridge P.S: Brownian Bridge ...
4
votes
0answers
100 views

Estimating Number of “Day Trades” from Total Volume of Commodity Futures Contract

Looking at futures data I am trying to calculate/estimate the number of "day trades", i.e. positions that were initiated and closed during the same day, as distinct from those positions that were ...
4
votes
0answers
82 views

Is it important to equalize the minimum price fluctuation in pairs trading?

For example, suppose we were trading a strategy which buys one Brent contract and sells one Gasoil contract. The minimum price fluctuation for a Brent contract is \$10, and the minimum price ...
4
votes
0answers
134 views

Inflation/Rates Correlation

I've been looking into a short piece of maths a colleague has written on pricing inflation with payment delays, and was hoping someone could confirm whether my understanding is correct, or if my ...
4
votes
0answers
206 views

ISLAMIC FINANCE WACC

I need to calculate WACC for copany operating in the coutry with islamic finance system. I used build-up method to calculate cost of equity. But still searching for cost of debt in the economy. Has ...
4
votes
0answers
381 views

GMM time-series regression factor model with factors that are not returns

Factor models with factors that are not returns are usually estimated and tested by cross-sectional regressions. However, there is a way to use time-series regression to estimate and test the model. ...
4
votes
0answers
251 views

negative transition probabilities in the heston model

I've been trying to implement a bivariate tree for pricing american options with the heston model in R using the paper of Beliaeva and Nawalkha (http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=...
4
votes
0answers
522 views

Mid-Point calculation with execution probability

Referring Cao, Hansch, and Wang (2004) "The Informational Content of an Open Limit Order Book" $$ \mbox{WP}^{n_1 - n_2} = \frac{\sum_{j=n_1}^{n_2} (Q_j^d P_j^d + Q_j^s P_j^s)}{(Q_j^d + Q_j^s)} $$ ...
4
votes
0answers
95 views

Forecasting amount of slippage in executing option spreads

Is there a good quantitative model to estimate how much slippage is required to execute a particular option spread trade? For example, let's say you want to execute an Iron Condor. Given X, Y, Z ...
4
votes
0answers
268 views

Finding the dynamics of a dividend paying asset under arbitrary numeraire

Assuming I have a dividend paying asset $S$ with dividend process $D$. Now I would like to use the bank account process $B$ as numeraire and determine the dynamics of $S$ under the the corresponding ...
4
votes
0answers
349 views

Calculating index arbitrage

I have a days-worth of level 2 market data. I am calculating S&P500 index arbitrage. I have a few questions about the calculation: 1) Should I be summing all the bids and asks from the stocks ...
4
votes
0answers
1k views

mean reversion with Kalman Filter - Spread calculation

Ernest Chan in its book "Algorithmic Trading" shows how to use the Kalman Filter for mean reversion pair trading. I have seen that he uses the measurement prediction error for calculating the spread ...
4
votes
0answers
240 views

Time series (stochastic process) estimating parameters using characteristic function

I have a time series of assets ${A_1, A_2, ..., A_n}$, which is described by a sophisticated distribution having the following characteristic function: $\phi(u; t;\theta)$, where $\theta$ is a vector ...
4
votes
0answers
397 views

pairs trading detrend the spread

I have calculated a hedge ratio that generates a mean reverting spread (stationary, without trends) 60-70% of the time. But the remaining 30% of the time, it seems like there is a trend in the spread. ...
4
votes
0answers
273 views

Credit Rating vs Bond Yield

I am looking for some references on quantifying the dependence between credit rating and bond yield. I have some data (found some Bloomberg indices which give average yield based on credit rating), ...
4
votes
0answers
598 views

Is this methodology to calculate Alpha using multi-factor regression model correct?

I am trying to find out Historical Alphas of a bunch of fund returns ${F_i}$ by Using Regression Model$(stepwise)$ with regressors as its underlying exposure-returns(risk-free rate subtracted) i.e. $$...
4
votes
0answers
3k views

FIGARCH estimation in R

I am trying to estimate a FIGARCH(1,1) model in R for Value-at-Risk purposes. As I understand it, the rugarch package does not support FIGARCH or FIEGARCH. To that end, I used the garchOxFit function (...
4
votes
0answers
203 views

How to price an option with two volatilities?

Imagine you have two volatilities, the second which is "activated" when the stock crosses a barrier called $p_b$. The present price is $p_1$. ($p_b>p_1$). This can be used to price options after a ...
4
votes
0answers
181 views

Simple way to get the crossing probabilities of a moving barrier

Hello Quant Finance StackExchange, Is there a simple way to find the crossing probabilities of a moving barrier, namely a barrier written in the form $U(t)=\alpha_1t^2 + \beta_1t + \gamma_1$ and $L(t)...
4
votes
0answers
238 views

ERP and FF 3-factor model

In a more conservative estimate than a simple historical average, Fama & French estimate (US) equity risk premium at 3-4% (e.g., Equity Risk Premium, JF, 2002). This suggests that in an APT-like ...
4
votes
0answers
356 views

Black-Scholes PDE to heat equation, nonconstant coefficients

Can someone provide me with details or a reference on how to transform the Black-Scholes PDE with nonconstant coefficients (i.e. $r=r\left(S,t\right)$, $\sigma=\sigma\left(S,t\right)$) to the heat ...
4
votes
0answers
194 views

Is it random walk?

I would like to ask a question about random walk. Campbell, Lo & Mackinlay defined the random walk, in the following way (RW3): $$ cov[f(r_{t}),g(r_{t+k})]=0,\qquad k\neq0 $$ for all $f(\cdot)$ ...
4
votes
0answers
419 views

Rate Distortion Minimization in a Python Clustering Algorithm

I'm attempting to solve for $\hat{k}$ clusters, such that the rate distortion is minimized, as described here, however, the answers that I am getting from my algorithm are not following the "Jump" ...
4
votes
0answers
262 views

RQuantLib: any difference between FixedRateBond() and FixedRateBondPriceByYield() with flat term structure?

Please, consider the following functions from RQuantLib package: FixedRateBond() ...
4
votes
0answers
417 views

How replicate data using PCA

I have a set of date covering petrol prices. My example has two columns where each row represents a sequential date. ...
4
votes
0answers
500 views

PCA Variances and Principal Portfolio Variances

In Meucci's paper called "Managing Diversification" he mentions that: "Indeed, the eigenvalues A correspond to the variances of these uncorrelated portfolios" I tried to replicate it but found they ...
4
votes
0answers
166 views

Risk factors for derivatives on dividends

I consider pricing and risk analysis of derivatives on dividends of the members of equity indices (such as Dow Jones EuroStoxx). There are options but I focus on futures. What are the main risk ...
4
votes
0answers
122 views

Estimating two normal random numbers with one equation

Subtitle: Estimating the correlation of the shocks driving two commodities in two multi-factor models I am fitting two 2-factor models to electricity and gas futures, respectively. In order to ...
4
votes
0answers
338 views

Discrete-time Jump-Diffusion Model

I am wondering if anybody could point me to any literature that talks about a discrete time version of the jump-diffusion model, I am aware that there is a paper by Amin (1993) that shows a discrete ...

15 30 50 per page