All Questions

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
0
votes
1answer
86 views

Order Book vs Wallet Updates

Good morning, i am in the middle of developing my own stock exchange system and have implemented limit orders (basics) matching. The system is just a DIY solution for my own purposes and for fun ...
0
votes
2answers
145 views

Calculating units in a cross currency short trade

If I have a forex account with a broker and a balance of 100 USD, and I'd like to short EUR/JPY, how many units can I short? How is this calculated? Which currency pair do I use to translate between ...
0
votes
1answer
280 views

Random walks and using the reflection principle

Consider exercise 5.5 from Shreve volume 1: For part (I), I understand how you can use reflection to show that $P(M_n^*\geq m, M_n=b)=P(M_n=2m-b)$. However, it seems to me that this latter ...
0
votes
1answer
75 views

Is it likely that banks would become clients of algotrading companies? [closed]

Algotrading is growing, while banks don't currently have the HR to continually develop sophisticated algorithms on their own. Is it likely that banks (and governments) would become clients of ...
0
votes
2answers
86 views

Why aren't there any single owner companies over a billion dollars? [closed]

The biggest companies have multiple owners which dilute the authority and finances of the company. They are either publicly traded companies via selling shares through stock markets, or privatly owned ...
0
votes
1answer
110 views

Good book about replicating portfolios

I want to know if anybody can suggest me a good textbook which explains in detail and in an understandable way how to create replicating portfolios of financial instruments like options "cash or ...
0
votes
1answer
49 views

A problem involving random walks from Shreve

Problem 5.4i in Shreve examines a symmetric random walk. Let $\tau_2 $ be the first time that the random walk reaches 2. For $\alpha\in (0, 1) $, we are given that $$E [\alpha ^ {\tau_2}] =\sum_{k = ...
0
votes
1answer
52 views

Portfolio of Assets

The following represents a model for an economy. At time $t=0$, four assets have the value $X_1= £5$, $X_2=£5$, $X_3=£10$ and $X_4=£4$. Three possible states of the world exist ($\alpha_1$, $\...
0
votes
1answer
120 views

Order routing: correlation of having same exchange for buy and sell

I am not familiar with the technicalities of order routing so my main sources of information as of now is the sec gov trade execution info and an explanation of how SOR works. Question 1: Let's ...
0
votes
3answers
81 views

Small question about normalization

Lets assume I want to normalize some stock data ( prices or log prices) to compare for different types of correlation for example. And here is the question how should I normalize: a) by subtracting ...
0
votes
1answer
277 views

Symbols for options on gold futures

I have a historical data set containing only options on gold futures. If I print out a unique list of option symbols I get: ...
0
votes
1answer
253 views

Simulating a GBM with martingale condition - Ito process moving downwards

I want to correctly simulate a $\mathcal{Q}$ - martingale $S$, which is a geometric Brownian motion and an exponential of a process $X$, \begin{equation} X_t = X_0 + \mu t + \sigma B_t = X_{t-\Delta t}...
0
votes
1answer
643 views

Can I do a GARCH model to forecast a time series?

I read this paper https://research.aston.ac.uk/portal/files/240393/AURA_2_unmarked_Energy_demand_and_price_forecasting_using_wavelet_transform_and_adaptive_forecasting_models.pdf the two authors ...
0
votes
1answer
4k views

Linear Model setup for Second-pass Regression

I'm confused on modeling the second pass regression given the beta's from the first pass. First-pass regression : $r_{it} - r_{ft} = a_{i}+b_{i}(r_{Mt}-r_{ft})+e_{it}$ For estimating this model (9 ...
0
votes
1answer
244 views

Basic questions on the yield curve

When people say "yield curve", do they mean yield/time curve, or yield/price curve? It seems that most of the time, people refer to yield/time curve, as wikipedia suggests. Though sometimes, people ...
0
votes
1answer
999 views

Convert a call spread to a butterfly to mitigate risk

I do not have a source for this (apologies), but sometimes, I hear about option traders initiating a vertical spread(short) and then converting that call spread to a butterfly spread to mitigate risk. ...
0
votes
1answer
188 views

Why theta multipled by days to expiry exceeds the total time premium of the option

Sometimes, I find an option where the total time value of the option may be 5 cents(rest is intrinsic value) and there are about 15 days to expiry and theta is .08 (8 cents). How is this possible. If ...
0
votes
1answer
121 views

Pricing of a call option in one period binomial model

You are given a $5\%$ call option worth $\$2.66$. The strike price $k$ is $\$41.00$. $S(0)=40$, $Sd=35$ (i.e the lower price of the stock at $t=1$) find $Su$ (i.e the high price of the stock at $t=1$)....
0
votes
1answer
2k views

How to pull stock exchange names for a list of tickers, bloomberg?

How to pull stock exchange names for a list of stocks with tickers, on bloomberg? Please advise the steps so as to paste the list of tickers without having to type tickers one by one.
0
votes
1answer
4k views

Can the Minimum Variance Hedge ratio be greater than 1?

The Minimum Variance Hedge ratio is defined as: $h = \rho * \frac{\sigma_S}{\sigma_F}$ For correlation $\rho$ and $\sigma_S , \sigma_F$ for S.D. of changes in asset and future prices accordingly. ...
0
votes
1answer
63 views

biggest rally data collection

Where can I find data for biggest rally(price rally) in a day? If this sort of information is not readily available, how could I produce/transform such data?
0
votes
1answer
4k views

What is the difference between BBSW and AUD LIBOR?

I understand that BBSW is the reference rate for financial instruments while AUD LIBOR is the interbank rate benchmark. However, since AUD LIBOR has been discontinued due to the rigging scandal, can ...
0
votes
1answer
195 views

Effective & Maturity Date Modified Following

I am constructing discount curve for tenor 1 month. First Instrument - PLN_1M_WIBOR has Effective Date on 2015-01-29 (spot). I was wondering what Maturity Date should be? 2015-02-27 or 2015-03-02? I ...
0
votes
1answer
2k views

What constitutes an “odd lot” in corporate bonds trades?

This is important in price discovery and pricing of bonds based on trades. "Odd" lots are traded at lower prices than "round" lots. However I wasn't able to find a definition of "odd" lot anywhere. ...
0
votes
2answers
262 views

Option greeks: sensitivity to 1% move

In a Black&Scholes framework how can I compute the following sensitivities: to 1% move in the underlying price to 1% move in implied volatility I would like the greeks to tell me how many ...
0
votes
2answers
116 views

I have portfolio volatility for individual years, can I use them to compute portfolio volatiltiy for subperiods?

Thanks for opening this question. I have constructed some rules for a portfolio with annual rebalancing and am backtesting it for the period 1990-2014. I want to compare the risk-adjusted return to ...
0
votes
1answer
623 views

How can we write swap as a chain of FRA's

For the rest of my question I use the notation from Brigo. The discounted payoff of a receiver interest rate swap (RFS) at $t<T_{\alpha}$, where $T_{\alpha}$ is the first resetting date, is given ...
0
votes
3answers
980 views

Parametric/Analytical VaR

Suppose I want to calculate VaR for a known distribution with mean $\mu$, variance $\sigma^2$ and $\alpha$-quantile as, $VaR_{\alpha}$ = $\mu + \sigma q_{\alpha}$. For a Gaussian distribution it is ...
0
votes
1answer
88 views

Is this process predictable or not?

Consider a market model with two assets which are modeled as usual by the stochastic process $S^0$ and $S^1$, that is adapted to the filtration. Can anyone tell if this process is predictable or not:...
0
votes
1answer
549 views

Yahoo currency api

I've had a currency widget made for me which is based on http://query.yahooapis.com/v1/public/yql?q=select I am wondering if I can use it on my site, which even though it not more than a hobby could ...
0
votes
1answer
211 views

Component VaR is additive but at what level

I have a portfolio data as ...
0
votes
1answer
56 views

What are the technical events that fluctuate quoted asset (e.g. forex) prices? How does it relate to the purchase of currency contracts?

This is a generic question about the quotations of assets but for the sake of reducing ambiguity, let's consider the EUR/USD exchange rate. If the answer varies for other asset classes, please note ...
0
votes
2answers
305 views

Suppose you bought a July ITM call and sold an August ATM put, am I net long or short?

Here is the full question, even though ive broken it down to the mini question above. Suppose you have bought a July ITM call and sold an August ATM put. What would be your delta in this position? ...
0
votes
1answer
977 views

Cointegration results interpretation validation?

Here is how I am interpreting results of a Johansen Cointegration Test and Engel-Granger Test for A and B. The results:(Using matlab) ...
0
votes
2answers
104 views

Is the volatility for these two SDEs the same

$$ (1) \ \ d\left(\frac{1}{S_t}\right) =\frac{1}{S_t}\left(\sigma^2-r\right)dt +\frac{1}{S_t}\sigma dW_t $$ and $$ (2) \ \ dS_t = S_t rdt + \sigma S_t dW_t $$ How can you prove that?
0
votes
2answers
331 views

Downloading most recent stock prices

I would like to download (from Google) the most recent prices for a series of stocks. I have created a portfolio at Google and I can click on "Download to Spreadsheet". That works. But I would ...
0
votes
1answer
763 views

Delta formula for FX vanilla option

What value do you use for annual dividend yield? It does not apply in case of FX.
0
votes
3answers
201 views

Black scholes OTC

Let's say you want to find the fair price of a call option. One way is to use the black scholes formula. This assumes you can delta-hedge the underlying asset and the option to eliminate risk, and ...
0
votes
1answer
624 views

Stripping projection curve

What is meant by the statement below: "Stripping projection curve (e.g. 3M curve) given the OIS curve" I understand that while bootstrapping an OIS curve using OIS swap rates and OIS fixed rates, we ...
0
votes
1answer
72 views

Returns adjusted for dividends

In various financial models such as CAPM, Black Scholes, one assumes the returns are adjusted for dividends. As I understand it, the share price often (in a relative sense) increases a bit before the ...
0
votes
2answers
2k views

In bond pricing, is negative convexity better than positive convexity?

Say that I have two bonds and one of them has positive convexity and the other negative. Which one is better (assuming that you only care about convexity)? I understand that high convexity is ...
0
votes
2answers
282 views

Mean Variance Analysis: what does the solution of the following exercise tells me?

I'm new in here and I hope this is the right board to ask this question. I'm at second year of university and in the Informatics II course the lecturer made us solve the following mean variance ...
0
votes
1answer
119 views

Normal vol - convention

apologies for the simplicity of the question, but I was wondering: what is the quoting convention for normal (bps) volatility? Say I have the following time series of data: Date Close Abs Change 20-...
0
votes
1answer
358 views

Factoring risk premium in to Forward Rate calculation

This is a self study question. I'm calculating a forward rate. Specifically, I have that in a country X, the Spot Rate is 5X/1US. I also have that the 1 year interest rate is 13% in country X and ...
0
votes
1answer
99 views

Arbitrage-free market for continuous logreturn distribution?

Is it true, that a one-period market say $(0,t)$ is arbitrage-free if the logreturn for $S_t$ is continuously distributed on $\mathbb{R}$? I.e., for continuous distributions on $\mathbb{R}$, there ...
0
votes
1answer
162 views

Moneyness and option prices

I'm attaching stock prices from CRSP to a dataset of option prices in order to compute the option moneyness. I'm wondering whether I should adjust the underlying prices taking into account splits and ...
0
votes
1answer
90 views

Currency Portfolio G10 vs USD allocation

Given that I have fundamental data such as GDP growth rate for G10 countries .Now I want to build a currency pairs portfolio of G10 currencies vs USD .How can I translate country scores to currency ...
0
votes
1answer
230 views

How is USGG10Y (or any tenor) constructed?

I was wondering how the yield curve for US treasuries are constructed (ex. USGG10Y, USGG5Y, etc.). How to compute for it exactly (what deals/quotes are included in it, what financial institutions are ...
0
votes
1answer
196 views

What are the canonical references on wholesale credit risk management?

I am trying to read up on "Wholesale credit risk ", but I can't find any useful references. Why is the emphasis on wholesale?
0
votes
1answer
54 views

y-axis unity of density probability function

What is the unity/interpretation of the y-axis of a density distribution function? The X-axis is the values of the random variable, the area is the probabilty what about the y-axis ?

15 30 50 per page