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2answers
102 views

'Anchors' for REER/PPP estimates

I'm having trouble trying to understand the concept of 'anchors'. I came across the term in a sentence that said "we use a relative purchasing power parity approach that is based on the longterm ...
0
votes
1answer
656 views

Can the net portfolio's beta be different from the sum of long and short betas of the portfolio?

The way I calculate it is summing up the weighted beta of long and shorts but I saw a table where this wasn't the case so I am wondering if this is not the correct way.
0
votes
2answers
373 views

How to interpret my Four-Factor Model results?

I am currently writing my thesis using the Carhart Four-Factor Model. I got my results but I am not sure how to word them. Coefficient on my SMB is 0.22. Wording: if small companies returns are 1% ...
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3answers
8k views

How to interpret Carhart Four-Factor Model?

I am reading up on the Carhart Four-Factor model. Let's say there a regression of stock returns on alpha, RM-RF, ...
0
votes
1answer
189 views

example regarding zero coupon bonds

This example is from Interest Rate Models: an Infinite Dimensional Stochastic Analysis Perspective by Carmona, René, Tehranchi, M R. I am wondering if the calculation is correct?, he says ...
0
votes
1answer
100 views

Prove Volatility Parametrization of Libor Market Model is Bounded/Not Bounded

How can I prove that the function $$\sigma_i\left(t\right) = k_i\left[\left(a+b\left(T_i-t\right)\right)e^{-c\left(T_i-t\right)}+d\right]$$ is bounded/unbounded? $\sigma_i\left(t\right)$ is the ...
0
votes
1answer
343 views

GARCH Model Constant in Regression

When regressing a variable on a constant of 1, the coefficient of this constant is the mean. However, when I specified that the residuals follow a GARCH(1,1) model, the coefficient of the constant ...
0
votes
1answer
120 views

Calculate historical duration based on current duration & historical prices

Suppose I have today current duration of a bond and it's historical daily prices. How from that I can calculate the historical duration? e.g. the value of duration I would saw if yesterday, week ago, ...
0
votes
1answer
207 views

Portfolio with zero or negative initial cost

Let's say I have formulated an integer linear programming (ILP) problem with the objective function $$F(X)=V(T,X)-C(t,X),$$ where $V(T,X)$ is the payoff of portfolio, and $C(t,X)$ is the initial cost ...
0
votes
1answer
181 views

Python statsmodel ARMA question

I am reading through the documentation of statsmodel package in python from the link The (p,q) order of the model for the number of AR parameters, differences, and MA parameters to use. How do I ...
0
votes
2answers
97 views

What is a definition of “Benchmark”?

The word "benchmark" is often used in Finance, but in a rather fuzzy manner, there for a rough idea of what it is, and how it is 'defined'. Can someone provide a rigorous and precise definition of ...
0
votes
1answer
125 views

Lebesgue-Stieltjes integration and related topics

The theory of stochastic integration relies on the concept of the Lebesgue-Stieltjes integral. However, it is hard to find a textbook that handles this concept in detail. Take, for instance, Chung ...
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2answers
873 views

Derivation of the tangency / maximum Sharpe ratio portfolio in Markowitz Portfolio Theory? (2 risky assets)

I’m looking for a nice & detailed explanation for how to derive the formula for the weight of asset 1 in the tangency / maximum Sharpe ratio portfolio in Markowitz portfolio theory in a world with ...
0
votes
2answers
53 views

CAPM - Do I use start or end of period prices?

If I use monthly price data in the standard CAPM, should I take the price at the beginning or the end of the month? What is the convention? Or does it not matter? Is there any literature that deals ...
0
votes
1answer
146 views

what % of stocks with +$1b market cap will double in 3 years on average historically?

If I'm looking to pick stocks that will double in 3 years, how do I figure out what is the likely universe that I'm choosing from? I just want a rough estimate of the universe given the market cap ...
0
votes
1answer
80 views

Heteroskedasticity and significance of parameters

I am doing a regression analysis and my variable of interest turns out to be significant at the 5% level, but the model contains heteroskedasticity which can not be mitigated (using Box-Cox, Feasible ...
0
votes
1answer
84 views

Calculating VaR of an Incomplete Distribution

I am currently completing a multiple choice question that has stumped me. An asset has its price and its corresponding probability described as: 100, 0, -50, -70 and -90 with probabilities 50%, 12%,...
0
votes
2answers
1k views

What is broker neutral trading system?Can I use leverage if using broker neutral EMS?

What really means broker neutral trading system?Can I use leverage if using broker neutral EMS?
0
votes
2answers
798 views

How Much cost to setup trading platform such as Flextrade, portware, Sungaurd or Bloomberg for hedge fund?

Basically if someone want to setup a hedge fund how much cost to buy trading software such as Flextrade, portware, Sungaurd or Bloomberg for hedge fund?
0
votes
3answers
1k views

Fama-French three-factor model vs four-factor (Carhart) and five-factor model

I'm performing a study where I compare the Fama-French three factor model to the CAPM on the Swedish industrials industry. I do this to compare which of the models is the best performer, but also if ...
0
votes
1answer
144 views

Stochastic volatility and forward start contracts

Why is it more accurate to use stochastic volatility when pricing let's say a forward start option (ie an option priced today but striked in a future date) ?
0
votes
1answer
119 views

When is option value inversely related to expected volatility?

It is common knowledge that the greater the expected value, the higher the option value. However, there are surely exceptions, as written by Paul Wilmott's FAQs in Quantitative Finance Q: If you ...
0
votes
2answers
203 views

trading equities on options feed/microstructure data

Obviously, not asking for a trading strategy, but do people successfully use options feed/microstructure data to trade equities intraday? What's the general framework for such strategies?
0
votes
1answer
134 views

approximating fBm stochastic integral

Suppose I have the following stochastic integral: $$\int_a^b f(t)dB_H(t)$$ with the term $dB_H(t)$ a fractional brownian motion with associated $H$ parameter. Is it true that for $H \in (1/2,1)$, ...
0
votes
1answer
82 views

Mathematically: How does increasing the number of assets reduce idiosyncratic risk?

As part of an Asset Pricing Module I'm currently taking, whilst looking at APT Ross (1974), we looked at how according to this model, risk originates from both systematic and idiosyncratic asset ...
0
votes
1answer
151 views

short selling with collateral accounting

I don't know how the accounting works for short selling with collateral: For example if a stock is \$10 a share and turn out to be $15 a share a week later. At time 0, you borrow and sell 10 shares ...
0
votes
1answer
56 views

trading strategy problem - initial capital x buys S over time [0,T] at the constant rate of x/T euros per unit of time

I am looking for clarification to the trading strategy problem where the number of stocks is depending on time. In the Market with zero safe rate and stock dynamics defined as $$\frac{dS_t}{S_t}=\...
0
votes
2answers
186 views

Combos on close SPX

I am wondering if anyone has any information on how combos on close trade. I've been looking at the BTIC (http://www.cmegroup.com/trading/equity-index/btic-block-trades.html) and was wondering if ...
0
votes
1answer
682 views

shifted SABR - ATM vol

quick question guys. I know that for Shifted SABR (or any other Shifted model), we simply model the underlying price process (lets say the forward interest rate F), as F' = F + x, x being the shift. ...
0
votes
1answer
370 views

What are “df”, “t”, and “p” in these sharpe ratio related estimates?

I am looking at some sharpe ratio related estimates and have not seen Sharpe stats broken down this way before. I don't know what is meant by df, t, and p. Can someone explain that to me? Thank you!...
0
votes
2answers
73 views

Portfolio Theory: Must VarCovar Matrix be based on return var/covar?

I am trying to estimate the minimum variance portfolio where the assets are currency derivatives. In the specific case it does not make sense to base correlations or variance on asset returns. I am ...
0
votes
2answers
90 views

Regime switching model getting data

I am trying to find a dataset (oil prices, S&P index, DAX returns etc.) in order to visualize the high volatility and low volatility periods in a plot. So far, I have not found a dataset that has ...
0
votes
1answer
418 views

Training data for Black Scholes

What sources of data suitable for training approximations to Black-Scholes are freely available to academics? My understanding is that the parameters to Black-Scholes are: share price strike price ...
0
votes
1answer
755 views

long fra and a short ed future with same fixing dates, is convexivity negative or positive?

If you are long a FRA (forward rate agreement) and short a ED (Eurodollars) future with the same fixing dates, do you have positive convexity or negative convexity? Why? According to the following ...
0
votes
1answer
51 views

Which rate of return to use in portfolio weight estimation?

I am learning the basics of portfolio management. I am confused about different ways to calculate rate of returns mentioned in the text investment and portfolio analysis. There are three methods to ...
0
votes
1answer
89 views

How to create time series with lagged in R [closed]

Would anyone else advise me, how to create time series with lagged in R. I would the result is the difference with lagged, there is a function Delt() but the result is the percentage change. Please ...
0
votes
2answers
218 views

Calculating floating P&L of a FIX-order [closed]

How to fetch floating p/l(current) of a "filled" FIX-Order (either buy/sell)?(by its FIX-ID/order ID) I asked my FIX provider(Integral) & they said, there's no specific tag for that/not a ...
0
votes
1answer
487 views

Zero-rate USD Curve

Good day, I have inputs: Libor 1D, 1M, 2m, 3m. FRA 3x6, 3x9, 3x12 IRS 2Y, 30Y. What formula should I use to construct zero rate curve? Thanks
0
votes
1answer
628 views

Kalman Filter in Interest Rate Models

A couple questions regarding the use of Kalman filtering in estimating parameters of short rate models: 1) In Duan & Simonato (1995), which seems to be one of the earliest applications of the ...
0
votes
1answer
279 views

L1 norm regularization of Markowitz portfolio in matlab

Markowitz portfolio with L1 norm regularization added L1 norm regularization based on the original model. The constraint equation is as follows: The following code is the original Markowitz Mean-...
0
votes
1answer
154 views

Monthly market value data of indices: where to get?

I am currently working on a paper related to portfolio optimization. As of this moment, I am considering to use a dataset consisting of the following indices: MSCI World MSCI Emerging Markets SP GSCI ...
0
votes
1answer
160 views

Replicating option strategies

I was curious if there was any references to replicating option strategies i.e. bull spread, bear spread, butterfly, strangle, straddle, etc...? Also what is the insight into replicating of these ...
0
votes
3answers
440 views

Linear combination of payoffs of bull and bear spreads

Write the following payoffs as linear combination of call options with different strikes and possibly some cash and give the closed form formula for them. Attempted solution: The payoff for the bear ...
0
votes
1answer
119 views

two-period binomial model, with price that is path-dependent

Consider a two-period binomial model for a risky asset with each period equal to a year and take $S_0 = 1$, $u = 1.03$ and $l = 0.98$. How do you price a look-back option with payoff($\max_{t=0,1,2}...
0
votes
1answer
3k views

Use of cash delta vs forward delta and the mirror image rule

There has been no mention in this text of why this formula uses forward delta not cash delta. Why should have this been obvious to the reader? How can a put be delta neutral at 30%, what does this ...
0
votes
1answer
274 views

Which value to use as shape parameter for Black-Scholes lognormal distribution?

When working with Scipy, lognomal distribution is defined by 3 parameters: the median (loc), the scale (standard deviation or, in our case, the implied volatility) and the shape parameter. But, which ...
0
votes
2answers
183 views

if I had a 1M spread option. Would you say that was 1m notional (for IM purposes) or 1m pay + 1m rec i.e. 2m notional?

Assume I have a 1Mspread option. Would you say that was 1M notional (for IM purposes) or ...
0
votes
2answers
251 views

Trying to calculate WACC (Weighted Average Cost of Capital) for this (small) data set

I've attached the data set I'm working with to this post. I'm trying to calculate the WACC using this data. I found a formula here: http://www.investopedia.com/ask/answers/063014/what-formula-...
0
votes
1answer
2k views

Normal Black-Scholes model for swaptions isn't working properly

I just wrote two functions in Matlab which calculates the swaption prices based on the Lognormal model and on the Normal model, although I have the idea that the Normal model is wrong because the ...
0
votes
1answer
61 views

Convexity in Markovian contingent claim

Background information: I believe we can use Jensen's Inequality here Show that if the payoff function $V(S_T)$ is a convex function on $S_T$, then the Markovian European contingent claim with ...

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