# All Questions

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102 views

### 'Anchors' for REER/PPP estimates

I'm having trouble trying to understand the concept of 'anchors'. I came across the term in a sentence that said "we use a relative purchasing power parity approach that is based on the longterm ...
656 views

### Can the net portfolio's beta be different from the sum of long and short betas of the portfolio?

The way I calculate it is summing up the weighted beta of long and shorts but I saw a table where this wasn't the case so I am wondering if this is not the correct way.
373 views

### How to interpret my Four-Factor Model results?

I am currently writing my thesis using the Carhart Four-Factor Model. I got my results but I am not sure how to word them. Coefficient on my SMB is 0.22. Wording: if small companies returns are 1% ...
8k views

### How to interpret Carhart Four-Factor Model?

I am reading up on the Carhart Four-Factor model. Let's say there a regression of stock returns on alpha, RM-RF, ...
189 views

### example regarding zero coupon bonds

This example is from Interest Rate Models: an Infinite Dimensional Stochastic Analysis Perspective by Carmona, René, Tehranchi, M R. I am wondering if the calculation is correct?, he says ...
100 views

### Prove Volatility Parametrization of Libor Market Model is Bounded/Not Bounded

How can I prove that the function $$\sigma_i\left(t\right) = k_i\left[\left(a+b\left(T_i-t\right)\right)e^{-c\left(T_i-t\right)}+d\right]$$ is bounded/unbounded? $\sigma_i\left(t\right)$ is the ...
343 views

### GARCH Model Constant in Regression

When regressing a variable on a constant of 1, the coefficient of this constant is the mean. However, when I specified that the residuals follow a GARCH(1,1) model, the coefficient of the constant ...
120 views

### Calculate historical duration based on current duration & historical prices

Suppose I have today current duration of a bond and it's historical daily prices. How from that I can calculate the historical duration? e.g. the value of duration I would saw if yesterday, week ago, ...
207 views

### Portfolio with zero or negative initial cost

Let's say I have formulated an integer linear programming (ILP) problem with the objective function $$F(X)=V(T,X)-C(t,X),$$ where $V(T,X)$ is the payoff of portfolio, and $C(t,X)$ is the initial cost ...
181 views

### Python statsmodel ARMA question

I am reading through the documentation of statsmodel package in python from the link The (p,q) order of the model for the number of AR parameters, differences, and MA parameters to use. How do I ...
97 views

### What is a definition of “Benchmark”?

The word "benchmark" is often used in Finance, but in a rather fuzzy manner, there for a rough idea of what it is, and how it is 'defined'. Can someone provide a rigorous and precise definition of ...
125 views

### Lebesgue-Stieltjes integration and related topics

The theory of stochastic integration relies on the concept of the Lebesgue-Stieltjes integral. However, it is hard to find a textbook that handles this concept in detail. Take, for instance, Chung ...
873 views

### Derivation of the tangency / maximum Sharpe ratio portfolio in Markowitz Portfolio Theory? (2 risky assets)

I’m looking for a nice & detailed explanation for how to derive the formula for the weight of asset 1 in the tangency / maximum Sharpe ratio portfolio in Markowitz portfolio theory in a world with ...
53 views

### CAPM - Do I use start or end of period prices?

If I use monthly price data in the standard CAPM, should I take the price at the beginning or the end of the month? What is the convention? Or does it not matter? Is there any literature that deals ...
146 views

3k views

### Use of cash delta vs forward delta and the mirror image rule

There has been no mention in this text of why this formula uses forward delta not cash delta. Why should have this been obvious to the reader? How can a put be delta neutral at 30%, what does this ...
274 views

### Which value to use as shape parameter for Black-Scholes lognormal distribution?

When working with Scipy, lognomal distribution is defined by 3 parameters: the median (loc), the scale (standard deviation or, in our case, the implied volatility) and the shape parameter. But, which ...
183 views

### if I had a 1M spread option. Would you say that was 1m notional (for IM purposes) or 1m pay + 1m rec i.e. 2m notional?

Assume I have a 1Mspread option. Would you say that was 1M notional (for IM purposes) or ...
251 views

### Trying to calculate WACC (Weighted Average Cost of Capital) for this (small) data set

I've attached the data set I'm working with to this post. I'm trying to calculate the WACC using this data. I found a formula here: http://www.investopedia.com/ask/answers/063014/what-formula-...
Background information: I believe we can use Jensen's Inequality here Show that if the payoff function $V(S_T)$ is a convex function on $S_T$, then the Markovian European contingent claim with ...