# Tag Info

## Hot answers tagged asset-returns

### The possible preferences of investors for higher than first 2 moments of return distribution?

Investor preferences for higher level moments are probably most easily explained by behavioral finance. Investors' tendency to overvalue out-sized positive and negative outcomes, such as gamblers' ...
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### Modeling Long-Term Mean Reversion in Asset Returns

You could use the two factor model of Schwartz-Smith. It's a very standard model in commodities, where you observe this kind of long term mean reversion (where "long-term" is here around a year). It'...
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### How to annualize the correlation matrix?

No, because correlation is a unitless quantity. As you use volatilities to do the scaling, the $\sqrt{252}$ factor should already be taken into account in them. If you take a correlation of 1 between ...
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### Modeling Long-Term Mean Reversion in Asset Returns

One economic model you could look at is the Habit model of Campbell and Cochrane (1999). The basic idea is that as the consumption of the representative investor approaches the (appropriately defined) ...
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### Normality or Log-Normality of Regular Returns

You're right but a GBM doesn't assume that percentage returns are normally distributed. It's about log-returns. If the log-return $r_t=\ln\left(\frac{S_{t+dt}}{S_t}\right)$ is normally distributed (...
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### Which financial time series have a PDF and/or CDF?

For a continuous variable the PDF is the derivative of CDF. So returns or prices don't have a pdf if the cdf is not differentiable, e.g. it "jumps" at some point. The simplest models we use, ...
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### Asset Allocation with near zero rates

I'll add some comments, recognizing that 1) they are highly opinionated, and 2) they don't actually offer any real solutions. Hopefully more thoughtful and useful answers will emerge. First of all, ...
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### Discrete returns versus log returns of assets

To fill in the details of what "John" just explained above: Say that you have stock portfolio for several years: $t_0, t_1, \ldots, t_m$. Say that you have $n$ stocks, so that stock $i$ has ...
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### Any portfolio theories not based on asset returns?

The "hedging theory of investment" (which I first heard about from R. C. Merton) says you should invest not for returns but to hedge your liabilities. LDI (Liability Driven Investment) is one name for ...
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### Does standardizing/normalizing asset returns change their skewness and kurtosis?

From the wikipedia on skewness and kurtosis, both are defined as expectations of standardised moments of the respective distributions. Hence, no.
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### Modeling Long-Term Mean Reversion in Asset Returns

I just wrote two papers on a related topic. Let us not use the log method right now as it was originally intended as an approximation from the time we used punch cards. You can, but we will come ...
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