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26

(I worked there for 23 years.) Simon Johnson is correct. Citi (or its predecessors) was insolvent on those 3 occasions, and would have gone into liquidation without the bailouts by U.S. taxpayers.


18

Flow trading is in spirit very similar to market making - such firms make a profit by earning a spread. There are 3 common ways this is done. Suppose a client wants to buy 100k shares of XYZ, which is publicly quoted at 1M@10.01 bid, 1M@10.03 ask. For sake of simplification, assume sub-penny pricing is not accepted in the jurisdiction where XYZ is listed. ...


12

Fed funds futures settle into the average daily Fed Funds effective rates over the month. The December 2015 futures contract therefore covers the current Fed funds target rate (0-25bp) for 16 days, and then the new rate range (expected to be 25-50bp) for 15 days. To compute the exact probability of a rate hike involves some assumptions. For simplicity, let'...


6

Today (1 day after the fact) the following headline appeared in the Financial Times: "September Fed rate lift-off put in doubt, Fallout from China’s currency move turns market mood". If true, this would certainly explain why the USD declined (i.e. the interest rate rise that everyone expected has been postponed). However, in my experience it is very hard to ...


6

Delta one trading desks provide synthetic exposure to their clients. OK, so what does that mean? Delta One desks give their clients exposure to a product (stock index, ETF, or even a single stock) without the client actually buying the underlying product. For example, a customer can take their money and buy the stocks in the SP500 index. Or, they can ...


5

First point to consider : some banks are by nature "positive" in their account to the central banks , for instance classical saving banks tend to get more deposit than loans; conversely others are more engage in loans activity (investments banks..) and are by "nature" borrowers on Interbank markets. Secondly (the point you underestimate), mandatory ...


5

(1) Often there is some collateral behind the loan (a building, etc.) which with enough effort and time can be sold to recover at least SOME of the value of the loan. However this is not necessarily what the bank is good at or wants to do. Their business is to lend money, not make real estate deals or dispose of dubious merchandise. (2) A smart buyer will ...


4

U.S. Government DID save American International Group (AIG) from bankruptcy, since it was considered too big to fail, actually: a lot of financial institutions were insured by AIG. This Investopedia page is a nice summary on the topic about AIG's bailout. Here (Investopedia again) about Lehman Brothers, that became really too much leveraged and exposed to ...


4

You might want to check what FDIC has. They have a lot of quarterly data for bank balance sheets. Unfortunately, I don't think they have data for all US banks, only the ones they insure.


4

Sort of. (But I don't really like the way you put it). The purpose of capital adequacy regulations is to protect the depositors (and senior creditors). The capital is a kind of "cushion" that protects the creditors if assets go bad. The purpose of provision regulation is to make sure that the capital figures are accurate: as soon as losses are predicted ...


4

The U.K. Government is not in the business of owning banks. The investment was never supposed to make money - it was to rescue RBS during the financial crisis.


3

This is a annuity calculation. Present Value of Annuity $= \text{Payment} \cdot \frac{1-(1+r)^{-n}}{r}$ Therefore: Payment = Present Value of Annuity $\cdot \frac{r}{1-(1+r)^{-n}}$ Present Value of Annuity $= \$\,104,107.4099\,;\,\,\, r = 0.33\,\%;\,\,\, n = 480$ Monthly Payment $ = \$\, 432.5186$


3

Well, I do not think there is a large difference: Given you deposit money at a Bank the value of this deposit changes according to $$\frac{dB_t}{B_t} = r dt$$ which simply means there is no uncertainty with respect to this evolution (instead of incorporating a risky component $dW_t$. If you really want to interpret the risk-less asset as a bond you are ...


3

Here is another Credit Default Swap database which is rather extensive, daily spreads of roughly 700 entities starting in 2006.


3

You should consider the stages of the default process instead of a binary "default", where there are various points the borrower is able to cure the loan. In a traditional credit model, the general process is to predict the state of the loan and then predict transitions between stages over the life of the loan. This is done by simulating macro variables (...


3

I am afraid there is no short answer to that question. However there is some literature you can check. In this paper the author gives an overview over different methods and lists a lot of references. One approach is to decompose the volume timeseriies of your checking accounts into two parts: One volatile part: this is money which customers use to cover ...


3

You can look at the contents of the CFA institute : https://blogs.cfainstitute.org/insideinvesting/2013/01/23/how-much-does-apple-make-a-dupont-analysis/ . As there are more and more candidates and CFA charteholders, we could say that their views are becoming or are already the mainstream views. I would add that accounting and corporate finance is not a "...


2

The bank in china has to have an account at an intermediary bank, and order a transfer from that account to the account of the US bank. Therefore the chinese bank needs to have the dollars.


2

High level Flow of funds comparative analysis for the U.S., Japan, and Euro Area by the bank of Japan. Country level report from the ECB. It is an 800+ page report so the link may take time to load (alternatively go to ECB data warehouse/reports/Euro Area accounts). Canadian financial flow accounts data.


2

Regarding how the rating agencies gave AAA ratings to CDOs and the like that clearly did not deserve those ratings - straightforward answer. The SEC licences all the ratings agencies as "nationally recognized statistical rating organizations" (NRSRO). It is blindingly obvious that the SEC was not actually overseeing the rating organizations that it was ...


2

The Fed (under the Yellen regime) has always stated that any adjustments to the Federal Funds rate are "data dependent." These data points (CPI inflation, inflation expectations, non-farm payrolls, GDP, et cetera) are only available on a monthly or quarterly basis, (depending on the print) which would cause them to have to make an uninformed decision if the ...


2

Short answer - banks make loans, and obviously some of these will go wrong. This risk is handled in two separate ways (that are distinct; but obviously not independent of each other). If you had to sum up the distinction in single-sentence bullet points: Provisions try to pre-book expected/likely losses on the current loan book. Capital Adequacy (CAR) ...


2

It depends what you meant by “bank”. For example in the case of Bank of America, the deposit taking entity is Bank of America NA (BANA) which is a wholly owned subsidiary of Bank of America Corp (BAC). The latter does not take deposits , but it issues most of the unsecured debt and it is the issuer of the listed equity of the company. Hence the WACC of BAC ...


1

As to the value that customer order flow provides, there is specific published research on order flow in the FX markets by Sarno et al. (Why) Does order flow forecast exchange rates?


1

You can use the method getFundamentals(ticker) provided by the package eodhistoricaldata-api (https://www.npmjs.com/package/eodhistoricaldata-api). The library returns quarterly, and yearly profits (included in the income statement), and other fundamentals, such as balance sheets, and cash flow statements. The data is provided in JSON - no need to parse ...


1

such data is provided by the SEC through their Edgar search tool, which you can find here: https://www.sec.gov/edgar/searchedgar/webusers.htm Though they provide the Information as XBRL data or in form of the regular statements like those you find on the IR pages of the respective companies. Our startup SimFin, provides the kind of data you are searching ...


1

Having worked in a bank and often closely to senior managers, I have never heard anyone talking about a balance sheet target. Every dept has its revenue and cost targets.... Would be interesting to see what others have to say.


1

Yes, they definitely do. Most public companies - and that includes most banks - will have quarterly goals for revenue, profits, dividends, retained earnings and so on. So, while they usually won't set a specific target for assets (I'm guessing that's what you mean by balance sheet), you can sure find this target balance sheet by doing the math with the other ...


1

Look at the p.65 of this document. They reveal some information regarding the mapping of the assets and liabilities. Based on this mapping, you could perform gap analysis and see if you have any deficit in a given maturity slot and then hedge accordingly. Joel Bessis' books on Banking Risk Management may also be useful. UPDATE: Alright, here is the ...


1

debt/loan lifecycle could be described as: 1) origination 2) debt is outstanding; borrower makes regular interest payments and prepays (scheduled or unscheduled) if any. debt/loan is considered performing 2.1) if borrower misses interest payment, debt/loan becomes delinquent, grace period starts 2.2) grace period expires, still no payment - debt becomes ...


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