# Tag Info

Accepted

### Why techniques for portfolio optimization do not take into account the non-fractionability of stock prices?

There are a few related reasons: The optimization becomes a lot harder when only discrete values are considered. Mean variance has a closed form solution for the continuous case but the case with ...
Accepted

### How are modern portfolio theory (MPT) and CAPM related?

CAPM states that the expected return of any given asset should equal $ER_i=R_f+β_i (R_m-R_f)$, with α being the error term of the previous equation. Now, as α has an expected value of zero, then only ...
Accepted

### Question about quadratic form of f* in the Continuous Kelly Criterion

The Kelly Criterion aims to maximise the expected value of the logarithm of terminal wealth. The derivation starts off by assuming that there is a risky asset that is following a Geometric Brownian ...
Accepted

### average return Vs cumulative return interpretation

Consider these two simple portfolios: Portfolio 1 returns -10% in month 1 and 10% in month 2. Average arithmetic return is zero, and cumulative return is $(1-10\%)(1+10\%)=0.99$. Portfolio 2 returns -...
Accepted

### Why did Markowitz not derive an equation for the efficient frontier?

It is surprising. What I think is: Markowitz became interested in the general problem when there are constraints (including inequality constraints) on the portfolio weights (in addition to the ...

### What can I use to measure of diversification?

You can also use the Herfindahl-Hirschman-Index (HHI) as a measure for concentration. In portfolio analysis, you can calculate it as $$\frac{1}{N} \leq HHI(x) = \sum_{i=1}^N x_i^2 \leq 1$$ where $x$ ...

### What can I use to measure of diversification?

I use the 'implied correlation' defined as $$\rho = \frac{V^2_P-\sum V^2_j}{(\sum V_j)^2-\sum V^2_j}$$ for $V_p$ the VaR (or volatility) of the portfolio, and $V_j$ the VaRs (or volatilities) of the ...
Accepted

### What can I use to measure of diversification?

In 2006 Choueifaty proposed a measure of portfolio diversification, called the Diversification Ratio (DR), which he defined as the ratio of the weighted average of the volatilities of ...
Accepted

### Literature about optimal number of stocks in a diversified portfolio

The first article on this was Fisher and Lorie "Some studies of variability of returns on investments in common stocks" JB April 1970. https://www.jstor.org/stable/2352105 The Statman ...
Accepted

### Analyzing stock performance - keep companies after bankruptcy?

It could be useful to set ex-ante what is your investable universe. It is pretty typical that at any period of time you would track only names wich are part of a Benchmark (SP500, R1000, FTSE, Nikkei ...

### Is the portfolio return distribution a weighted combination of individual asset return distributions?

As @Martin has pointed out in his answer, of course it is. Let $X=\sum_{i=1}^N w_ix_i$ denote the return of a portfolio of $N$ assets with multivariate distribution $f(x_1,x_2,\ldots,x_N)$. The ...

### Why techniques for portfolio optimization do not take into account the non-fractionability of stock prices?

As correctly mentioned in an earlier answer, portfolio optimization is something used for books in hedge funds and other institutions. As a smooth utility function changes slowly near its maximum, ...

### Determining the portfolio return distribution to calculate CVaR/ES

In the paper (Klaassen, 2002) the author propose a scenario generation method as well as a rule in order to precludes arbitrage opportunities. In the paper (Davari-Ardakani, et al. 2016) authors ...

### Dmat argument in solve.QP R function: Cov or 2*Cov?

Both approach gives same results for stocks weights but different results for lamda values Correct approach is multiplying the covariance matrix by 2 but you only need stocks weights so its the same

### Portfolio optimisation with conditional weight restrictions among asset

You could try a heuristic approach. The problem can be split into two nested optimisations: i) in the inner optimisation, given a set of selected assets, compute mean--variance efficient weights; ii) ...
Accepted

### Difference between constraining pre and post optimization

Consider the equation of two variables (basically your obj func): $$f(x,y) = x^2 + y^2$$ The unconstrained minimisation is $x=y=0$. If you now constrain this sum to be equal to one, post ...
Accepted

### Characteristic Portfolio for an Attribute

From b. we get $Vh = \lambda a$, so $h=\lambda V^{-1}a$ (assuming V is invertible). Using this to evaluate a. we get $h^Ta = \lambda a^T V^{-1}a=1$ (assuming $V^{-1}$ is symmetric). We can solve ...
Accepted

### What is the return of risky asset in direct utility optimization probem?

Your question is very confusing. But let's take it by parts: You say you have power utility so your utility is: $\frac{W_{t+1}^{1-\gamma}}{1-\gamma}$ You have a risk-free rate number You have an ...

### how to construct a diversified portfolio based on correlation

The maximum decorrelation portfolio can ensure your portfolio is not so correlated in one general asset class: min $\mathbf{w^{T} C w}$ subject to constraints that weights sum to 1 and are non-...

### Portfolio selection with no risk-free asset

There are a few reasons the authors may have only looked at risky assets. First, they are trying to find a faster way to solve a mean-CVaR optimization through relaxations. Therefore, they probably ...

### Quantatively identifying stocks to short when overall market starts to roll-over

my take would be -- short the index. I think when markets turn most people will sell the index and that will have been the best trade to be in. Not sure you can rely on historical/statistical beta ...

### Interpreting Statistically Significant (or Insignificant) Difference in Alpha Between Two Portfolios

No, your logic is not correct. As a disclosure note, I am an opponent of the method you are using. Let us assume that you run a Frequentist regression of any kind on phenomena $A$ and $B$. You are ...
1 vote

1 vote
Accepted

### Measuring liquiduity of a portoflio of bonds

It does not take into consideration the fact that liquidity is not symmetric, also in Fixed Income markets. Indeed, there is much more liquidity pressure on the downside than on the upside. I suggest ...
1 vote

### Portfolio optimization of unequal length back-tests

First of all: The issue is classic, but by no means trivial. Your "First" option is probably the easiest. You just adjust your dataset by thorwing away the data points that are not present in all ...
1 vote

### Calculate Returns of Momentum Strategy (Overlapping Portfolios - Jegadeesh and Titman 1993)

In Jegadeesh and Titman, and the papers that follow it, the monthly return to the strategy for the month of March is found by averaging the monthly return for Tranche 1 in March, the avg return for ...

Only top scored, non community-wiki answers of a minimum length are eligible