# How to calculate the product of forward rates with different reset times using Ito's lemma?

I am curious about a calculation I saw in this question.

Specifically in this equation:

\begin{align*} &\ L(T_s, T_p, T_e) L(T_s, T_s, T_e) \\ =&\ L(t_0, T_p, T_e) L(t_0, T_s, T_e) e^{-\frac{\sigma_s^2}{2}(T_s-t_0) -\frac{\sigma_p^2}{2}(T_s-t_0) + \sigma_s\big(W_{T_s}^s -W_{t_0}^s\big) + \sigma_p\Big(\rho \big(W_{T_s}^s - W_{t_0}^s\big) + \sqrt{1-\rho^2}\big(W_{T_s}^p - W_{t_0}^p\big)\Big)}. \end{align*}

I'm trying to prove it using Ito's lemma and the dynamics:

\begin{align*} dL(t, T_s, T_e) &= \sigma_s L(t, T_s, T_e) d W_t^s,\\ dL(t, T_p, T_e) &= \sigma_p L(t, T_p, T_e)d\Big(\rho W_t^s + \sqrt{1-\rho^2}W_t^p\Big), \end{align*}

But when I apply Ito's lemma I end up computing

\begin{align*} dL(t, T_s, T_e)dL(t, T_p, T_e) &= \sigma_s \sigma_p L(t, T_s, T_e)L(t, T_p, T_e) \rho dt \end{align*}

And I don't know where the next term is coming from:

\begin{align*} -\frac{\sigma_s^2}{2}(T_s-t_0)-\frac{\sigma_p^2}{2}(T_s-t_0) \end{align*}

Can someone help me with the calculation? Thanks

• Apply Ito's lemma to $\ln\left( L(t, T_p, T_e) L(t, T_s, T_e) \right)$. By the properties of the logarithm you'll get: $$d\ln\left( L(t, T_p, T_e) L(t, T_s, T_e) \right) = d \ln L(t, T_p, T_e) + d\ln L(t, T_s, T_e)$$ For each member on the RHS compute the differential using Ito again, the terms you mention are related to the quadratic variations of the processes. Once done simply integrate overtime from $t_0$ to $T_s$ to get the solution. Nov 28, 2017 at 8:23
• @Quantuple I saw your answer earlier but I wasn't being able to comment. Thank you, using the logarithm I was able to achieve the result. Now I remember that when solving a geometric brownian motion one also has to use it. Do you know why? in the case I was working I was trying to achieve the solution using a multivariate Ito's lemma to the product which doesn't seemed wrong to me, but I came up with a different solution when compared to using the logarithm. Nov 29, 2017 at 6:07
• Maybe this helps: quant.stackexchange.com/questions/35770/…. Applying bivariate Itô to the product is fine, but you won't get a SDE that can be integrated easily to obtain the solution. You need the log trick to help you in your endeavour. Nov 29, 2017 at 9:08
• @Quantuple it helped indeed. Thanks I appreciate it Nov 30, 2017 at 0:47