This might be a basic question. But I am still confused about the terms. Please kindly suggest about my understanding of repo vs reverse repo and repo rate vs reverse repo rate with their applications for money supply.
Here is my understanding:
Repurchase Agreement is when Banks sell securities to Fed in order to buy back at a higher price.
Reverse Agreement is when Fed buys securities from Banks and resell them to Banks at a higher price.
Repo rate is the rate applied from the Bank’s perspective when the Bank has to pay Fed when buying back securities. (In this case, the Bank is on the Repurchase agreement and Fed is on the Reverse repurchase agreement)
Reverse repo rate is the rate applied from the Bank’s perspective when the Bank buys securities from Fed in order to get paid by Fed when the Bank resell securities to Fed at a later date. (In this case, the Bank is on the Reverse repurchase agreement and Fed is on the Repurchase agreement)
When Fed wants to increase money supply, it will lower repo rate. On the other hands, if Fed wants to decrease money supply, it will increase repo rate.
When Fed wants to decrease money supply, it will increase reverse repo rate. On the other hands, if Fed wants to increase money supply, it will decrease reverse repo rate.
Q: Is my understanding correct?
I’ve been reading on articles and internet resources but still can’t wrap my head around. Please kindly suggest. Thank you in advance.