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You state $X(t_j) - X(t_{j-1}) \backsim \mathcal{N}(0, \frac{t}{n})$. Thus: \begin{equation} X(t_j) - X(t_{j-1}) = \sqrt{\frac{t}{n}} Z , \end{equation} where $Z \backsim \mathcal{N}(0, 1)$. Note that: \begin{align} & \mathbb{E} \sqrt{\frac{t}{n}} Z = 0 \\ & \mathbb{E} \left( \sqrt{\frac{t}{n}} Z \right)^2 = \frac{t}{n} \mathbb{E} Z^2 = \frac{t}{n} \\...


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