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Questions tagged [collateral]

Questions related to collateral, from impact on theoretical valuations to operational aspects of collateral posting.

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Quantitative impact of Dodd-Frank Act on risk management

The US Dodd-Frank Act (DFA) introduced mandatory central clearing of standard (e.g. plain vanilla) swaps for big financial institutions in the US in 2013. It might be a broad question but: what have ...
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36 views

discount factor with collateral in two currencies

If a CSA allows for posting cash in different currencies as collateral, then the party posting collateral has, now and at each future point in time, a choice of which currency to post. This choice ...
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2answers
261 views

Collateralized / uncollateralized swap

Is a fully collateralized interest rate swap considered free of counterparty credit risk? Or close to risk free? Therefore discounted by the rate that best proxies the risk-free rate (which is the OIS-...
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1answer
557 views

Cheapest-to-deliver (CTD) discount curve

Can someone explain, in layman's terms, the mechanics (the algorithm steps) of the construction of the discount curve in the case when the CSA allows the posting party to choose a currency (from a ...
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2answers
1k views

Funded equity collars and margin loans

There is an article in the Financial Times today concerning equity funded collars [1]. The equity collar structure is used by a counterparty $A$ which wants to build up a position in a stock $S_t$. ...
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1answer
87 views

Valuing a cross currency basis swap using a third currency as a collateral

Suppose India and South Africa goes into a cross currency basis swap. But the collateral is specified upon USD. How does one value this type of swaps? Or is it even available directly on the markets?
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57 views

How to estimate quantitatively the settlement period?

The context of this question is Counterparty Credit Risk. In particular, the modelling of collateral for non-cleared OTC derivatives. Regulators require collateral amounts, such as Variation Margin ...
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1answer
55 views

Cash as Collateral in OTC Market

In OTC market Collateral Posting as cash is normal, so when it is said Collateral Posted as USD CASH Does that mean Actual amount of currency is posted electronically (or any security is posted) ...
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1answer
628 views

Collateralized Interest Rate Swap

I am struggeling with the wording "Collateralized" IRS and try to get an understanding out of it based on an example. Especially what it means that in the multi curve models the expectations are ...
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110 views

Risk-neutral measure(s) under collateralization and funding costs

In Piterbarg (2010) the author presents a modified Black-Scholes model with an economy with a CSA-collateral (OIS) rate $r_C(t)$, a repo rate $r_R(t)$ and considers a derivative $V(t)$ written on a ...
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1answer
167 views

Collateral replication argument

I'm trying to follow the replication argument in the first page of the following paper http://www.math.columbia.edu/~fts/Collateralized%20trade%20pricing%20made%20simple%20v1a.pdf One can however ...
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1answer
102 views

Which volatility to use in cap pricing with CSA discounting?

I'm currently trying to price a cap on a Libor 3M (US) collateralized in EUR. I understand that my discount curve should be the CSA and the price of a caplet should be using a Black-scholes price: $$...
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2answers
231 views

What Is the correct discounting, risky or riskless?

Suppose I can sell a European put in two ways: 1) in a mark to market collateralized market with collateral rate equal to the riskless rate $r$; 2) in a noncollaterized market where I get the payment ...
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1answer
293 views

Risk-neutral expectation equation with collateral and funding costs

I am looking at a paper by V. Piterbarg, Funding beyond discounting: collateral agreements and derivatives pricing, that you can download on the following link, in which the author adapts the Black-...
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1answer
88 views

short selling with collateral accounting

I don't know how the accounting works for short selling with collateral: For example if a stock is \$10 a share and turn out to be $15 a share a week later. At time 0, you borrow and sell 10 shares ...
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3answers
5k views

CSA discounting vs OIS discounting

In the fixed income literature, is the CSA discounting the same as OIS discounting? Seems they're referring to the same thing, but couldn't find an explicit statement confirming it.
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1answer
866 views

One Way CSA Agreements

This is probably an older topic but I don't seem to find any related threads on this forum. What is the best way to value, let's say, a vanilla IR swap (you receive fixed) that you trade against a ...
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1answer
393 views

How does rehypothecation cause systemic risk?

I've read in many places that rehypothecation causes systemic risk (not to be confused with systematic risk), but none offer an explanation. Is this because of the daisy-chain effect that would happen ...
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3answers
4k views

Why is CSA currency OIS rate used in discounting instead of local currency OIS?

I have been struggling to understand the logic behind cross currency OIS discounting (where cash flows happen in different currencies than the collateral is paid). I will illustrate my question ...
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1answer
209 views

Do taking in account the CSA create convexity effects in your stripping?

When you strip your rate curves using CSA, what kind of convexity effects might appear as a result when computing the CSAed curve from one fixing to another ? For example if you are valuing an USD ...
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0answers
500 views

Pricing with collateral

I have been confused about many things concerning the princing of securities with collateral. We can prove that today's price of a security( fully collateralized and within the same currency) is the ...
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4answers
8k views

Rationale for OIS discounting for collateralized derivatives?

Can someone explain to me the rationale for why the market may be moving towards OIS discounting for fully collateralized derivatives?