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Questions tagged [mean-reversion]

A mean reverting process is a process that, over time, tends to drift toward its long-term mean.

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Effect of mean reverting Volatality in Black and Scholes? [closed]

Can someone please elaborate what would be the effect of a mean reverting volatility (instead of a constant volatility) in pricing options using BS ? Also how would the greeks vary?
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Cointegration between daily time series and intraday time series

I am working with time series data of daily prices, and intraday prices. For simplicity sake I will refer to the daily time series as 'A' and 'B', and the intraday time series of the same instruments ...
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Does predictability in a VAR process imply mean reversion or momentum?

There seems to be some disagreement in the literature about this. Define predicability of a stationary series to be $\sigma^2_{t-1} / \sigma^2_t$ Finding mean reverting portfolios using canonical ...
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What does it mean that $\Phi$ is a mean-reversion factor?

Let $f$ be a variable which evolves according to the above. What does it mean to say that $\Phi$ is a mean-reversion factor? I mean, I guess it means $f_{t+1} = (1-\Phi)f_t + \epsilon_{t+1}$ and so ...
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Option pricing and mean reversion

In different books one can find a formula for option pricing when we assume that $\ln(S)$ follows a mean reversion process $$ dS_t/S_t=\kappa(\theta-\ln(S_t))dt+\sigma dZ$$ If we calculate an ...
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46 views

What is the value for Δt term in an Ornstein Uhlenbeck process?

I am looking at O-U processes for the first time and I was wondering what is the Δt term value. To become more specific I have a daily dataset with daily prices ...
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What is a stochastic processes which reasonably captures commodity price dynamics?

I ran into a stumbling block earlier when I tried to price stochastic annuities (see Asian options). This is actually technically an acturial problem, but is well adapted to the techniques of quant ...
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1answer
507 views

How to get set the theta function in the Hull-White model to replicate the current yield curve

I want to calibrate the HW one factor model to current market data. How do I set the function $\theta(t)$ in $$ \mathrm{d}r(t) = \kappa(\theta(t)-r(t))\mathrm{d}t+\sigma\mathrm{d}W(t) $$ to ...
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179 views

Frequency Arbitrage

We know that the volatility is lower when the sampling period is longer, for example $\sigma_{7days} < \sigma_{1day}$, Then I came across this strategy that I cannot quite understand how to exploit ...
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When constructing a cointegrating series, does choosing the linear regression with the lowest ADF test statistic yield the optimal hedging ratio?

Multiple sources say that you should find the optimal hedging ratio between two stocks in a pairs trade by conducting 2 linear regressions (with each stock as the independent variable), and using ...
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1answer
252 views

Simple mean reversion strategy portfolio construction

I had a quick idea I wanted to test, but am not sure of the correct way to size bets. Basically, I think that for a given index (say S&P), I want to be long under performers and short over ...
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1answer
163 views

R Mean Reversion Estimate on Funds

I am new to mean reversion, and I'd like to run an analysis on a fund (ts with monthly returns only) to see if mean reversion applies and if so, when it will happen. Most of the examples I found ...
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1answer
178 views

Electric power price parameter estimation

currently I am working through the paper of Tino Kluge "Pricing Swing Options and other Electricity Derivatives" to get a better understanding about the power markets. The author establishes methods ...
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254 views

How to calculate mean reversion values for Hull White tree calibration on MATLAB?

As part of a time series analysis, I'm writing a MATLAB program to create a Hull White tree, for the purpose of pricing a coupon-bearing bond. While using the function hwvolspec (volatility ...
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5answers
540 views

Modeling Long-Term Mean Reversion in Asset Returns

Fortunately, for obvious reasons, few applications require simulating asset returns over horizons in excess of 30 years. Nevertheless, simulations over long horizons are sometimes conducted as part ...
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247 views

Cointegration vs combination of returns

Hi Quantitative Finance, I understand that there are a wealth of pairs trading models out there. Recently, it got me thinking as to why we go through the trouble to find cointegrated pairs while we ...
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155 views

What is the probability of ruin of a Geometric Ornstein-Uhlenbeck process?

I would like to calculate the probability of ruin (or, default), i.e. $$\text{Pr}(\tau<T),$$ where $\tau$ is the default time and $X_t$ follows the Geometric Ornstein-Uhlenbeck (O-U) process $$...
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Seasonality using mean reversion resulting in the original time series

I am trying to replicate the Mean Reversion with Jumps process on MATLAB's website, using my own data. But I have no background in such models. My data has 8712 hourly prices beginning January 1, ...
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1answer
329 views

Mean Reverting to its own variance?

Good morning all, When trying to decipher some documentation I have come across this stochastic process which seems to me much like a Ornstein-Uhlenbeck (or Vasicek) process. $$dX_t=-\kappa(X_t-\...
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101 views

Problem with simulating 2 Ornstein-Uhlenbeck processes for extreme parameters

I have a problem with simulating 2 correlated Ornstein-Uhlenbeck-processes. After estimating the parameters from some data with multivariate maximum likelihood, it seems that I cannot simulate. I ...
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181 views

How to find time of mean reversion of an interest rate model

In the Cox–Ingersoll–Ross model, we can find the half-life of the interest rate as: half-life= log(2)/speed of reversion to equilibrium rate. Is it valid to ...
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Is there a difference between “regression toward the mean” vs “mean reversion”, in the context of financial time series and cash flow analysis?

I read the Wikipedia articles, and it implied that it was different: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Regression_toward_the_mean In finance, the term mean reversion has a different meaning. Jeremy ...
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1answer
377 views

Mean reversion formula in log normal or exponential form?

The formula for the mean reversion model in log normal form: $x=\ln(S)$ $x_{i+1} = x_i + [a(m-x_i)-\frac{1}{2}\sigma^2] dt + \sigma \sqrt{dt} \epsilon$ Can this formula be written in exponential ...
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3answers
781 views

Cointegration pair trading - how to test a trading rule using Monte Carlo?

I am doing a research exercise where I have two price series $X_t, Y_t$ which I regress against each other and test for cointegration. Once I confirm that they are cointegrated (using CADF or ...
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2answers
107 views

Co integration of diverging time series

I have 2 time-series datasets. I am trying to find co integration between them. Now the thing is they are negatively correlated. So if I want to look at the distance between them, would I be right in ...
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1answer
295 views

What causes poor returns in pair trading of very cointegrated securities?

I've been running some backtests of a pair trading strategy on 1 year worth of 5 min bars of two securities and I've noticed pretty poor returns, especially once transaction costs are taken into ...
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What is the probability that an arithmetic OU bridge touches a down barrier $L$?

As per this question, the probability of a Brownian bridge $B$ (underlying process $dx = \mu dt + \sigma dW $) of duration $T$, touching a down barrier $\alpha$ is given by $$ P\textbf{(}\:inf(B_t) \...
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What is the probability that an arithmetic OU process hits a down barrier X?

Tweaking Su and Rieger's paper http://www.econbiz.de/archiv1/2009/99993_likely_hit_barrier.pdf I get that the probability of the arithmetic brownian motion $dx = \mu dt\space + \space \sigma dW $ ...
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1answer
205 views

What is the probability that a OU process hits an upper barrier U before a lower barrier L?

What is the probability that the arithmetic OU process $dx_t= \theta(\mu-x_t)dt+\sigma dW_t$ hits barrier $U$ before hitting barrier $L$ when $L<x_0<U$ ?
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1answer
201 views

Modeling the Stock Market [closed]

Hi I was wondering what is the model that best describes the price movement of the stock market? A Brownian motion Process with drift? An Ornstein Uhlenbeck_process? (where the long term mean is ...
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324 views

cointegration strategy

If it can be proved that two time series $$S_t^1=\alpha + \beta S_t^2 + \xi_t$$ representing stocks are correlated, with $\beta=-2$ and then are proved to be cointegrated, how a portfolio should be ...
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1answer
398 views

Mean Crossing for Ornstein-Uhlenbeck

Suppose we have classic Ornstein-Uhlenbeck process. How can we calculate expected number (and variance too) of crossing mean value over the certain period of time? Say, if we have discrete OU process ...
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2answers
211 views

How to transform Ornstein-Uhlenbeck parameters from hourly to daily?

I get the parameters (long-term mean, volatility, mean-reversion speed, correlation) of two correlated Ornstein-Uhlenbeck processes via a likelihood estimation from hourly data. If I want to transform ...
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How to trade the Ornstein-Uhlenbeck process?

My question comes from this paper, which is a short version of Avellaneda's paper The picture bellow provides a summary of the equations. Do I understand correctly that in order to trade OU process ...
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2answers
200 views

What is the effect of mean-reversion on an upper barrier knock-out call option?

Consider a mean-reverting normal model for an underlying $dX^{(1)}_t=-\kappa X^{(1)}_tdt+\sigma^{(1)} dW^{(1)}_t$, for fixed time-independent constants, $\kappa$ (mean-reversion) and $\sigma^{(1)}$ (...
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1answer
875 views

What is the covariance of two correlated Ornstein-Uhlenbeck processes?

What is the covariance of two correlated Ornstein-Uhlenbeck processes? I was trying correlation(1,2)*Var1^(1/2)*Var2^(1/2), but I am not sure! I took Var1=(sigma1^2/(2*speedofmeanreversion1))*(1-exp(-...
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1answer
628 views

How to estimate parameters for 2 correlated Ornstein-Uhlenbeck processes with maximum likelihood?

I would like to use maximum likelihood to estimate the parameters of two correlated Ornstein-Uhlenbeck processes from empirical data. Do you have any good references for this? If you have any hints ...
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1answer
447 views

Mean reversion and adjusted beta for pairs trading

Trying to evaluate model for pairs trading. Consider classic formula: $\frac{dP}{P} = adt+b\frac{dQ}{Q}+dX$, where $P$ and $Q$ are stock prices, and $X$ is a mean reverting process (MRP) and $a$ is ...
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1answer
5k views

Calculating half life of mean reverting series with python

I am currently attempting to calculate the halflife of a mean reverting series using python programming language and the theory of the Ornstein–Uhlenbeck process. I have a series which when plotted ...
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1answer
1k views

Consequence of negative mean reversion of hull white one factor model

I tried to calibrate the data for hull-white one-factor model. Sometimes, I get negative estimate of mean reversion factor after the calibration process. When I plug the negative mean reversion factor ...
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How to optimize an arbitrage portfolio when taking into account different speeds of mean reversion?

In portfolio optimization, it is insufficient to just note the size of price deviation - that only tells the amount of profit if held to maturity. One also needs to take into account reversion speed - ...
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37 views

Quantitative Business Cycle Investing

Is there a major article or even better a comprehensive recent review article showing quantitative evidence for the existence of the business cycle and measuring the trending and mean reversion on ...
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0answers
172 views

Are there alternatives to the Box-Tiao decomposition in identifying mean reverting portfolios?

As documented in this paper, Box-Tiao decomposition (a way to decompose multiple time series into components with different speeds of mean reversion) can be used to identify mean reverting portfolios. ...
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1answer
1k views

Is trading mean reversion of small principal components of prices profitable?

Many have told me that it is a good idea to look at the third principal component (PC) of yield curve movements, as well as third and fourth PC of G10 currencies. They claim these PCs represent "...
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181 views

Mean reversion in seasonal ARIMA model

Hi I'm looking for some help deriving the half life from an ARIMA model. My current best model candidate is (1,1,0)x(1,0,0)[4] and I'm a little confused on this. I've read up on HL for AR(1) models ...
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1answer
239 views

Tests for Mean Reversion in a Portfolio Rebalancing

On a single time series one can run a Dickey-Fuller test to determine if the asset is mean reverting or at least has been mean reverting during your sample. Is there a way to test for mean-reversion ...
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1answer
69 views

Does it make sense to interpret autocorrelation and box test on 5 data points?

I am trying to see if after I trade a stock the price movements at 2, 5, 7, 10, 30 and 60 seconds after exhibit any autocorrelation. Below I have the returns from my trade price to the trade 2,5,7,10 ...
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2answers
626 views

Calibration of non-mean-reverting OU process

I'm looking for some reference on how to calibrate a non-mean-reverting Ornstein-Uhlenbeck process to historical data using MLE or OLS. The model has the following SDE: $d\lambda(t)=a\lambda(t)dt+\...
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1answer
7k views

Speed of mean reversion of an interest rate model

I would like to have a bit more of intuition about the concept of "speed of mean reversion" for an interest rate model, e.g. Vasicek or CIR. In particular, is a negative speed of mean reversion ...